Steps Involved in Building a HouseSpike's Calculators

Firewood Btu's Calculator

Calculate the amount of BTU's, the amount of heat energy produced from burning wood. This same calculator was used to create Spike VM's firewood Btu's chart.

Formula used for calculating the weight of wood at required moisture content =
volume(cf) x Specific Gravity(B) x 62.4 *(1 + MC/100) = weight of wood in lbs

Sample Calculations:
  • one cord of wood with 90 cubic feet of solid wood content
  • firewood species, Black Maple, with a 0.52 basic specific gravity
  • wood is dried to a 20 percent moisture content, 20% mc
  • heat energy from one pound of wood @ 0% mc = 8084 Btu's
  • the weight of one cubic foot of water = 62.4 lbs
first, calculate the dry weight of your wood
90 * 0.52 * 62.4 = 2920.32
Your stack of wood has a dry weight @ 0% mc of 2920 lbs

calculate the weight of your wood @ 20% moisture content
2920 * (1 + 20 ÷ 100) = 3504 pounds @ 20% mc
Next, calculate the potential heat energy value. For this, you need to know the proportions of wood and water in one pound of your firewood.
  • One pound of oven-dried wood, wood @ 0% mc, will contain 1 lb of wood 0 lb of water.
  • Wood @ 20 % mc will contain 0.833 lbs of wood and 0.167 lb water
2920.32 * 0.833 * 8084 = 19,665,353 Btu's
Converting to millions of Btu's (MBTU): 19,665,353 ÷ 1000000 = 19.7 million Btu's

Sample Calculation:
  • one cord of wood with 88 cubic feet of solid wood content
  • firewood species, Longleaf Pine with a 0.54 basic specific gravity
  • wood dried to an 18 percent moisture content. (one pound contains 0.847% solid wood @ 18% mc)
  • Longleaf Pine is very resinous so you can adjust the Btu value per pound upwards
  • 8500 Btu's per pound of oven-dried wood @ 0% mc
88 * 0.54 * 62.4 = 2,965 lbs dry weight
2965 *  (1 + 18 ÷ 100) = 3499 lbs weight @ 18% mc
2,965 * 0.847 * 8500 = 21,348,303 ÷ 1000000 = 25.2 million Btu's

Firewood Btu Calculator

Volume of Firewood in Cubic Feet ft³
Wood Basic Specific Gravity #
Moisture Content of the Wood %
# of Btu's per Pound of Dry Wood btu/lb

Results:

Oven Dry Weight per Pound lbs/ft³
Firewood Dry Weight @ 0% MC lbs
Firewood Weight @ Selected % MC lbs
Millions Btu's MBtu's
Megajoules Mj

Calculation

  1. enter what you think the volume is of your pile of wood in cubic feet.
  2. the basic specific gravity of the species of wood you are planning to burn (see list below the calculator)
  3. the amount of moisture in your wood (properly cured wood can be 15 to 20% mc)
  4. the amount of heat energy in Btu's one pound of oven-dried wood can produce, preset @ 8084 (see Btu's below calculator for an explanation)

Results

  1. the weight of one pound of oven-dried wood of the species you are calculating for
  2. the oven-dried weight of the amount of wood you are calculating for (wood @ close to 0% mc)
  3. the weight of the amount of wood based on the amount of moisture percentage you used
  4. the calculated amount of heat energy of your wood in millions of Btu's
  5. millions of Btu's converted to megajoules

Btu's

One pound of oven-dried wood weighs one pound and it doesn't matter what the species of the wood is. One pound of oven-dried Oak has the same weight as one pound of oven-dried Cedar and it is generally accepted that one pound of oven-dried wood, wood @ 0% MC, can produce 8600 Btu's for most species. Due to the higher lignin and higher resin content found in some species (such as Pine trees), the gross available heating value can be as much as 9000 Btu's per pound of dry wood.

The total energy contained in the wood is not completely converted to available heating energy.

Wood is made up of about 50% carbon, 6% hydrogen, 44% oxygen, and 1% of trace amounts of several metal ions. Loss due to moisture created from the combustion of hydrogen will reduce the available heat energy by about 6%.

8600 Btu's - 6% = 8084 Btu's per pound of dried wood @ 0% MC. If you are calculating the amount of Btu's for your species of wood, 8084 Btu's is a good starting point and if you know that your firewood contains a lot of resin then you could use 9000 - 6% = 8460 Btu's as a starting point.


Common NameBinomialBasic Specific GravityRegion
Ailanthus / Tree Of Heaven Ailanthus altissima0.46North America
Alder / Grey / Mountain / SpeckledAlnus incana0.439Europe
Alder, European / BlackAlnus glutinosa0.439Europe
Alder, RedAlnus rubra0.37North America
Alder, White / Rhombie LeafAlnus rhombifolia 0.37North America
Alexandrian Laurel, Malayalam, Namaeruak, SansCalophyllum wightianum0.57India
Alpine Ash / StringybarkEucalyptus delegatensis0.549Australia
American Hornbeam / MusclewoodCarpinus caroliniana0.58North America
American Witch-Hazel Hamamelis virginiana0.56North America
Andaman Bullet-Wood Manilkara littoralis0.9India
Apple / Common / WildMalus sylvestris0.61North America
Apple Blossom / Pink And White Shower Tree / Javanese CassiaCassia javanica0.64India
Ash, Biltmore / WhiteFraxinus americana 0.55North America
Ash, BlackFraxinus nigra0.45North America
Ash, Blue / VirginiaFraxinus quadrangulata0.53North America
Ash, European / CommonFraxinus excelsior0.56Europe
Ash, Green / BastardFraxinus pennsylvanica0.53North America
Ash, Mountain / European / Quickbeam / Rowan Berry / Rowan Sorbus aucuparia0.629Europe
Ash, Oregon / WaterFraxinus latifolia0.5North America
Ash, Pumpkin / RedFraxinus profunda0.48North America
Ash, Silvertop / Black / MountainEucalyptus sieberi0.704Australia
Aspen, Bigtooth / Large-toothPopulus grandidentata0.36North America
Aspen, Quaking / Trembling / Aspen PopularPopulus tremuloides0.35North America
Australian Tallowwood Eucalyptus microcorys0.87Australia
Bald Cypress / Swamp / Gulf / Red / Southern / White / YellowTaxodium distichum0.42North America
Banyan Tree / Banyan / Indian Fig Tree / Bar / Bor / BarhFicus benghalensis0.59India
Barberry, Common Berberis vulgaris0.689Europe
Basswood, American / American Linden Tilia americana0.32North America
Basswood, WhiteTilia heterophylla0.32North America
Beach Mulberry / Great Morinda / Ach / Manjanatti / Nuna / Indian MulberryMorinda citrifolia0.72India
Bedda Nut Tree / Belleric Myrobalan / Beach Almond / Bhaira / BaheraTerminalia belirica0.76India
Beech , Siebold's / JapaneseFagus crenata0.551Europe
Beech / American / North AmericanFagus grandifolia0.56North America
Beech / Euaropean BeechFagus sylvatica0.585Europe
Bengal Kino / Bastard Teak / Flame Of Forest / Palash / DhakButea monosperma0.56India
Bili Nandi / BendekuLagerstroemia microcarpa0.5India
Bilimbi / Chemmeenpuli / IrumbanpuliAverrhoa bilimbi0.56India
Bilitirupa / Nirnavaal / Karinjaval / AattunjavalSyzygium gardneri0.76India
Bintangur Calophyllum tomentosum0.53India
Birch, Alaska PaperBetula neoalaskana0.53North America
Birch, Downy / MoorBetula pubescens0.525Europe
Birch, GrayBetula populifolia0.45North America
Birch, PaperBetula papyrifera0.48North America
Birch, RiverBetula nigra0.49North America
Birch, Silver / White / European WeepingBetula pendula0.525Europe
Birch, SweetBetula lenta0.6North America
Birch, Yellow / BlackBetula alleghaniensis0.55North America
Bird Cherry / Fire Cherry / Pin Cherry Prunus pensylvanica0.36North America
Bishopwood / Tiger Tree / Bishopweed / Kein / Toog /JavawoodBischofia javanica0.72India
Black Dammar Canarium strictum0.53India
Black Kongu / KarakonguHopea utilis0.84India
Black Poplar / LombardyPopulus nigra0.353Europe
Black Varnish Tree Holigarna arnottiana0.327India
Blackbutt / Pink BlackbuttEucalyptus pilularis0.733Australia
Blinding Tree Excoecaria agallocha0.38India
Blue Elderberry / Blue ElderSambucus caerulea0.46North America
Blue Pine / Himalayan White Pine / Bhutan PinePinus wallichiana0.43India
Box, Coast Grey / Bosisto's-Box / Gippsland Grey-BoxEucalyptus bosistoana0.921Australia
Box, Grey / Brown / Gum-Topped BoxEucalyptus moluccana 0.937Australia
Box, Red / Red Box EucalyptusEucalyptus polyanthemos0.884Australia
Box, White / WhiteboxEucalyptus albens0.932Australia
Box, Yellow / Honey / Yellow IronEucalyptus melliodora0.91Australia
Brigalow / Spearwood Acacia harpophylla0.884Australia
Buckeye, Yellow / SweetAesculus octandra0.33North America
Buckthorn / Common / European / Hart's ThornRhamnus cathartica0.611Europe
Buckthorn, Alder / Columnar / Fen / Tall Hedge /European AlderRhamnus frangula0.499Europe
Buckthorn, California CoffeeberryRhamnus californica0.5North America
Buckthorn, Cascara Rhamnus purshiana0.5North America
Buckthorn, Spiny Redberry Rhamnus crocea0.75North America
Buddha's Coconut Tree / AnathondiPterygota alata0.48India
Bully Trees Sideroxylon indet1.234North America
Bunya pineAraucaria bidwillii0.393Australia
Burma Blackwood Dalbergia cultrata0.77India
Burmese Lacquer Gluta usitata0.74India
Butterfly Tree / Purple Orchid Tree / Camel Hoof TreeBauhinia purpurea0.72India
Butternut / White WalnutJuglans cinerea0.36North America
Buttontree / Dhau / Dhoy / DhauraAnogeissus acuminata0.88India
Buttonwood / Button Mangrove Conocarpus erectus0.69North America
Caloon Elaeocarpus ruminatus0.48Australia
Camphor / Camphor Laurel / Karpur Cinnamomum camphora0.62India
Canadian Serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis0.66North America
Canary Ash / Yellow NutBeilschmiedia bancroftii0.551Australia
Candle Nut Tree / KukuiAleurites moluccana0.6India
Cannon Ball Tree Xylocarpus granatum0.663India
Carattannili Dipterocarpus bourdilloni0.58India
Carolina Silverbell / Little Silverbell Halesia carolina0.42North America
Catalpa, Northern / Hardy / Western / Cigar Tree / Catawba Tree Catalpa speciosa0.38North America
Cedar, Atlantic WhiteChamaecyparis thyoides0.31North America
Cedar, Atlas / Atlantic Cedrus atlantica0.44Europe
Cedar, Eastern RedcedarJuniperus virginiana0.44North America
Cedar, IncenseCalocedrus decurrens0.35North America
Cedar, LebanonCedrus libani0.41Europe
Cedar, Northern White / Arborvitae / Eastern Arborvitae / Swamp Thuja occidentalis0.29North America
Cedar, Pink / KorangattiAcrocarpus fraxinifolius0.68India
Cedar, Port-OrfordChamaecyparis lawsoniana0.39North America
Cedar, Westernred / Pacific Red / Giant Arborvitae / Canoe / Giant/ ShinglewoodThuja plicata0.31North America
Cedar, Yellow / AlaskaChamaecyparis nootkatensis0.42North America
Ceylon Oak / Lac Tree / Ma / Macassar Oil Tree / KusamSchleichera oleosa1.08India
ChaplashArtocarpus chaplasha0.45India
ChaulmoograGynocardia odorata0.396India
Chebulic Myrombalam / Black Myrobalan / Harra / HararaTerminalia chebula0.88India
Cherry, BlackPrunus serotina0.47North America
Cherry, Wild / Sweet / Gean / MazzardPrunus avium0.474Europe
Chestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata0.4North America
Chestnut, Sweet Castana sativa0.5Europe
China-Shrub / BisiArdisia solanacea0.62India
Chinese ElmUlmus lanceaefolia0.706India
Chinese Soapberry / Soapnut / RithaSapindus mukorossi0.7India
Chinese Tallow / Candleberry-Tree / PippalyangSapium sebiferum0.51India
Chinkapin, Giant / GoldenChrysolepis chrysophylla 0.42North America
Chinquapin / Golden / Giant / Western Castanopsis chrysophylla0.42North America
Chirauli NutBuchanania latifolia0.46India
Common Sausage Tree / Jhar Fanoos / Balam KhiraKigelia africana0.7India
Common Whitebeam / Chess-AppleSorbus aria0.611Europe
Common Whitebeam / Chess-AppleSorbus aria0.672Europe
cork oakQuercus suber0.77Europe
Cottonwood, BlackPopulus trichocarpa0.31North America
Cottonwood, Eastern / Eastern / Plains / MatchPoplarPopulus deltoides0.37North America
Cottonwood, Fremont / AlamoPopulus fremontii 0.41North America
Crab Apple / European Crab Apple / CommonMalus sylvestris0.577Europe
Crack WillowSalix fragilis 0.34Europe
Crepe Myrtle / Crepe Flower / Sida / BakliLagerstroemia parviflora0.62India
Crepe Myrtle Tree / Pride-Of-India / JarulLagerstroemia speciosa0.64India
Curry Leaf / Bursunga / Meetha Neem / KatneemMurraya koenigii0.68India
Custard Apple, Sugar Apple / Sharifa / SitaphalAnnona squamosa0.73India
Dhaman Grewia tiliaefolia0.65India
Dhao, Dhankra, GhavadAnogeissus sericea0.74India
Dhok / Dhonk / DhonkdaAnogeissus pendula0.94India
Dinnerplate Tree / Kanak Champa / Padma Pushp / ParivyadhPterospermum acerifolium0.72India
Dita Bark Tree / Devil Tree / Saptaparni / ScholarAlstonia scholaris0.44India
Divi Divi Caesalpinia coriaria1.18India
Dogwood, Common / Bloodtwig / Pegwood / DogberryCornus sanguinea0.68Europe
Dogwood, Flowering Cornus florida0.64North America
Dogwood, Pacific / Mountain Dogwood Cornus nuttallii0.58North America
Douglas FirPseudotsuga menziesii0.453Europe
Douglas-Fir, CoastPseudotsuga menziesii0.453North America
Douglas-Fir, Interior NorthPseudotsuga menziesii 0.45North America
Douglas-Fir, Interior WestPseudotsuga menziesii 0.46North America
East Indian Copal Canarium bengalense0.56India
Ebony Tree / KachnarBauhinia variegata0.7India
Egyptian Riverhemp / Common Sesban / Egyptian Rattlepod / Shevari / Jayanti / RaysinghaniSesbania sesban0.43India
Ekdania / Katti-Daman / Kasai / KattianBridelia retusa0.5India
ElderSambucus nigra0.57Europe
Elm, American / White / Water / Florida Ulmus americana0.46North America
Elm, Dutch / HollandUlmus hollandica0.442Europe
Elm, EnglishUlmus procera0.442Europe
Elm, European WhiteUlmus laevis0.551Europe
Elm, Field / SmoothleafUlmus minor0.551Europe
Elm, Rock, Elm Cork Ulmus thomasii0.57North America
Elm, Slippery / Red / Gray / SoftUlmus rubra0.48North America
Elm, Texas Cedar / Cedar ElmUlmus crassifolia0.59North America
Elm, Winged / WahooUlmus alata0.6North America
Elm. Wych / Scotch / ScotsUlmus glabra0.551Europe
European Aspen / Quaking / Eurasian /CommonPopulus tremula0.387Europe
False Ashok / Mast Tree / Dedbari / Ashok / Aranamaram / CherunnaPolyalthia longifolia0.59India
False Mastic / Yellow Mastic Sideroxylon foetidissimum 0.52North America
Fern Tree Filicium decipiens0.96India
Fir, Balsam / Canadian / Canada / Balm of Gilead / EasternAbies balsamea0.33North America
Fir, CorkbarkAbies arizonica0.29North America
Fir, European Silver / Silver Abies alba0.353Europe
Fir, Grand / Lowland / Lowland White / White / SilverAbies grandis0.35North America
Fir, NobleAbies procera0.37North America
Fir, Pacific Silver / White / Red/ Lovely / Amabilis / Cascades Abies amabilis0.4North America
Fir, Red / Golden / California Red / Shasta / SilvertipAbies magnifica0.36North America
Fir, Spanish / Hedgehog / Spanish Silver SpruceAbies pinsapo0.41Europe
Fir, Subalpine / Alpine / Mountain Balsam / Rocky Mountain / White BalsamAbies lasiocarpa0.31North America
Fir, West Himalayan / Pindrow / Ragha Abies pindrow0.38India
Fir, White / Colorado / California White / Low'sAbies concolor0.37North America
Five Finger / Aanappulinchakka / Thamaratha / Kamranga TreeAverrhoa carambola0.6India
Five Leaved Chaste Tree / NirgundiVitex negundo0.67India
Florida Strangler Fig / Golden Fig/ Higuerón Ficus aurea0.44North America
Fragrant Bay Tree Persea odoratissima0.57India
Garuga / KharpatGaruga pinnata0.64India
Great Laurel / Rosebay RhododendronRhododendron maximum0.5North America
Guava / Guajava / Common Guava / AmroodPsidium pomiferum0.67India
Guest Tree / BholaKleinhovia hospita0.44India
Gum Arabic Tree / Babul / Thorn Mimosa / Egyptian AcaciaAcacia arabica0.86India
Gum, Forest Red / Queensland Blue / Mountain / Bastard-BoxEucalyptus tereticornis 0.827Australia
Gum, Grey / Grey IrongumEucalyptus punctata0.908Australia
Gum, Manna / Ribbon / Rough-Bark Manna / WhiteEucalyptus viminalis0.613Australia
Gum, River Red / Murray Red / Long-Beak EucalyptusEucalyptus camaldulensis0.786Australia
Gum, Spotted Eucalyptus maculata0.84Australia
Gum, Sydney Blue / Saligna Eucalyptus Eucalyptus saligna0.679Australia
Gumbo-Limbo / Copperwood / ChacaBursera simaruba0.32North America
Gummy Cape Jasmine / Dekamella-Gum Gardenia / Cumbi-Gum Tree / KikemalGardenia gummifera0.61India
HackberryCeltis occidentalis0.49North America
Haldu / Kadami / KadambaAdina cordifolia0.59India
Hattipaila Pterocarpus acerifolius0.51India
Hawthorn, Late / PearCrataegus calpodendron0.62North America
Hazel / Common Hazel / European / Common FilbertCorylus avellana0.517Europe
Hemlock, Eastern / Canada / Hemlock SpruceTsuga canadensis0.38North America
Hemlock, MountainTsuga mertensiana0.42North America
Hemlock, Western / Pacific / West Coast Tsuga heterophylla0.42North America
Hickory, Bitternut / Swamp Carya cordiformis0.6North America
Hickory, Mockernut / White / White-Heart Carya tomentosa0.64North America
Hickory, NutmegCarya myristiciformis0.56North America
Hickory, PecanCarya illinoensis0.6North America
Hickory, PignutCarya glabra0.66North America
Hickory, True, ShagbarkCarya ovata0.64North America
Hickory, True, ShellbarkCarya laciniosa0.62North America
Hickory, Water / Bitter PecanCarya aquatica0.61North America
Himalayan Cedar / Deodar Cedar / DevdarCedrus deodara0.47India
Himalayan Cypress / Bhutan CypressCupressus torulosa0.44India
Himalayan Elm / Kashmir Elm / Bhutan ElmUlmus wallichiana0.44India
Himalayan Hemlock Tsuga brunoniana0.38India
Himalayan Mulberry Morus serrata0.58India
Hirsute Artocarpus / Wild Jack / AiniArtocarpus hirsutus0.52India
Hollong Tree Dipterocarpus macrocarpus0.6India
HollyIlex aquifolium 0.5Europe
Holly, American / White HollyIlex opaca0.5North America
Hollyleaf Cherry / Evergreen Cherry Prunus ilicifolia0.73North America
Honey Locust / Honey Shucks / Sweet BeanGleditsia triacanthos 0.6North America
Hopea / Karimpongu / Kongu / Irumbakam / NaithambagaHopea glabra0.87India
Hopea / White Kongu / Iron Wood Of MalabarHopea parviflora0.79India
Hophornbeam, American / EasternOstrya virginiana0.63North America
Hora / KiripaluDipterocarpus zeylanicus0.69India
Hornbeam, European Carpinus betulus0.69Europe
Horse-Chestnut, European / Common / WhiteAesculus hippocastanum0.5Europe
Incense Cedar / California Incense-Cedar Libocedrus decurrens0.35North America
Indian Bael / Stone Apple / Holy Fruit TreeAegle marmelos0.88India
Indian Black Wood / AnjanHardwickia binata0.73India
Indian Cassia / Indian Bay Leaf / Indian Cassia Bark / Tamala CassiaCinnamomum tamala0.64India
Indian Catmon / Elephant Apple / Girnar / Chalta / KarmabelDillenia indica0.7India
Indian Cheryy / Fragrant Manjack Cordia dichotoma0.36India
Indian Cork Tree / Corckumaram / Kattumalli / Tree Jasmine / MaramalliMillingtonia hortensis0.64India
Indian Frankincense / Incense Tree / Indian Olibanum / SalaiBoswellia serrata0.5India
Indian Horse Chestnut / Himalayan Horse ChestnutAesculus indica0.465India
Indian Laburnum / Purging CassiaCassia fistula0.96India
Indian Laurel Fig / Thapsi / PhrapsiFicus retusa0.64India
Indian Mahogany / Red Cedar /Sandal Neem / Toon TreeCedrela toona0.56India
Indian Mango / Cuckoo's Joy, Mango, Mango Tree Mangifera indica0.68India
Indian MapleAcer caesium0.499India
Indian Oak / Small Indian Oak / AttupezhuBarringtonia acutangula0.62India
Indian Red Wood / Rohan Soymida febrifuga0.96India
Indian Rubber Fig Ficus elastica0.68India
Indian Tree Spurge / Milk Bush / Pencil Bush Euphorbia tirucalli0.54India
Indian-Buttertree Diploknema butyracea0.63India
Indonesia Rosewood / Bombay Blackwood / Malabar Rosewood / SitsalDalbergia latifolia0.8India
Inkwood / ButterboughExothea paniculata0.73North America
Ironbark, Narrowleaf Red / Grey / WhiteEucalyptus crebra0.94Australia
Ironbark, Broadleaved Red Eucalyptus fibrosa0.964Australia
Ironbark, Grey Eucalyptus paniculata 0.921Australia
Ironbark, Red / Black / Mugga / Three-Fruit RedEucalyptus sideroxylon0.911Australia
Ironwood / KassodCassia siamea0.86India
JambuXylia xylocarpa0.68India
Japanese Medlar / Loquat / Japanese Plum / LokatEriobotrya japonica0.88India
Jarrah Eucalyptus marginata0.706Australia
Java Plum / Neredu / Naval / Jambol / Jaman / Jambu / Black Plum Syzygium cumini0.76India
Jonesia Asoka Saraca indica0.8India
Jujube Tree / Indian Jujube / Chinese Date / Common Jujub / BerZiziphus jujuba0.92India
Jungle Cork Tree / Indian Elm / Kanju / Papri / PapdiHoloptelea integrifolia0.5India
Juniper, Alligator / Checkerbark Juniperus deppeana0.48North America
Juniper, Ground / Dwarf / Mountain / Fairy Circle / HackmatackJuniperus communis0.517Europe
Juniper, WesternJuniperus occidentalis 0.45North America
Kandi / Jat / JhandProsopis spicigera0.63India
KaoriGrewia multiflora0.57India
Karri / Karri GumEucalyptus diversicolor0.774Australia
Katber Ziziphus xylopyrus0.663India
Katu Yette Lepisanthes tetraphylla0.96India
Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus0.53North America
Khaiger /kanta / Chira / Kaigu / Banni / AnsandraAcacia ferruginea0.88India
Kiinankadami Breonia chinensis0.42India
Kirballi / Vayanavu / PudangalliPoeciloneuron indicum0.9India
Kulamavu / Uravu / Kulirmavu,Persea macrantha0.44India
LaburnumLaburnum anagroides 0.69Europe
Larch, European / Common / Creosote BushLarix decidua0.474Europe
Larch, Hybrid Larix eurolepis0.4Europe
Larch, JapaneseLarix kaempferi0.414Europe
Larch, Western / Montana / MountainLarix occidentalis0.48North America
Laurel, California / Oregon MyrtleUmbellularia californica0.51North America
Lilac Tree / Persian Lilac / Chinaberry / Bead Tree / Umbrella Tree / Pride Of India / White CedarMelia azedarach0.56India
Lime, CommonTilia vulgaris 0.42Europe
Lime, European / Common LindenTilia europaea0.483Europe
Lime, Large-Leaved / Largeleaf Linden / Bigleaf LindenTilia platyphyllos0.422Europe
Linden / Littleleaf / Small Leaved LimeTilia cordata0.422Europe
Litchi / Litchi NutLitchi chinensis0.96India
Locust, Black / False Acacia / Green / Locust / Shipmast / White / Yellow Robinia pseudoacacia 0.66North America
Longleaf Pine / ChirPinus longifolia0.48India
Longwood Haematoxylum campechianum1.04India
Looking Glass Tree / SundariHeritiera littoralis1.04India
Madras Thorn / Jangal JalebiPithecellobium dulce0.64India
Madrone, PacificArbutus menziesii0.57North America
Magizham / Bakula / Pagade Tree's / Maulsari / Bulletwood / Indian Medlar Mimusops elengi0.8India
Magnolia, Cucumbertree / Blue Magnolia,Magnolia acuminata0.44North America
Magnolia, Fraser / Mountain Magnolia Magnolia fraseri0.4North America
Magnolia, SouthernMagnolia grandiflora0.46North America
Magnolia, SweetbayMagnolia virginiana0.42North America
Mahogany, Red / Red StringybarkEucalyptus resinifera0.803Australia
Mahogany, WhiteEucalyptus acmenioides0.87Australia
Maiden's Blush Sloanea australis0.473Australia
Malay Apple / Malaysian Apple / PomeracSyzygium malaccense0.6India
Malkakni / Dhebri / Jamrasi / Kondagaid Elaeodendron glaucum0.72India
Mangrove Apple / Sonneratia Mangrove / Marai Maa Sonneratia apetala0.52India
Mangrove Trumpet-Tree Dolichandrone spathacea0.56India
Maple , Norway Acer platanoides0.525Europe
Maple, Bigleaf / British Columbia / Broadleaf / OregonAcer macrophyllum0.44North America
Maple, Black / Black Sugar / Hard / RockAcer nigrum0.52North America
Maple, Boxelder / Ash-Leaf / Manitoba / Three-Leave Acer negundo0.416North America
Maple, Campbell's Acer campbellii0.499India
Maple, Field / HedgeAcer campestre0.525Europe
Maple, Franchet'sAcer sterculiaceum0.353India
Maple, Himalayan / Evergreen Maple / Kashmir Acer oblongum0.603India
Maple, Painted Acer pictum0.629India
Maple, Red / Scarlet / Soft / WaterAcer rubrum0.49North America
Maple, Silver Acer saccharinum0.44North America
Maple, Striped / Goosefoot / Moosewood / Snake BarkAcer pensylvanicum0.44North America
Maple, SugarAcer saccharum0.56North America
Maple, Sycamore / GreatAcer pseudoplatanus0.51Europe
Marodphali Heterophragma adenophyllum0.76India
Mesquite Spp.Prosopis spp.0.78North America
Moa Tree / Gilaunda / Mahua / VanprasthMadhuca latifolia0.99India
Monkeyfruit / Lakoocha / Badahara,Artocarpus lakoocha0.64India
Moreton Bay Bean / Moreton Bay Chestnut / BeantreeCastanospermum australe0.63Australia
Mountain Laurel / Calico-Bush / Spoonwood Kalmia latifolia0.62North America
Mountain Mahogany / Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus betuloides0.8North America
Mountain Pine Pinus uncinata0.41Europe
Narela Polyalthia cerasoides0.83India
New Guinea Rosewood Dipterocarpus indicus0.62India
Oak, Sessile / DurmastQuercus petraea0.56Europe
Oak, Arizona White / Arizona Quercus Arizonica0.59North America
Oak, Bastard WhiteQuercus austrina0.75North America
Oak, Black / Eastern BlackQuercus velutina0.56North America
Oak, Bluejack / Upland Willow Oak / Sandjack Oak / Cinnamon Oak Quercus incana0.71North America
Oak, Bur / Mossy-Cup Quercus macrocarpa0.58North America
Oak, California Black / Kellogg Oak Quercus kelloggii0.51North America
Oak, Canyon Live / Canyon Oak / Maul Oak Quercus chrysolepis0.7North America
Oak, ChapmanQuercus chapmanii0.78North America
Oak, CherrybarkQuercus pagoda0.61North America
Oak, Chestnut / Rock / Rock Chestnut / Mountain Quercus prinus0.57North America
Oak, Darlington / Laurel-Leaf OakQuercus hemisphaerica0.69North America
Oak, Dwarf Live / MinimalQuercus minima0.89North America
Oak, English / Pedunculate / EuropeanQuercus robur 0.56Europe
Oak, Gall / Lusitanian / Dyer's Quercus lusitanica0.7Europe
Oak, Gambel / Rocky Mountain White / Colorado ScrubQuercus gambelii0.62North America
Oak, Garry / Oregon White Oak / Oregon Oak Quercus garryana0.64North America
Oak, Holm / Evergreen / Holly Quercus ilex0.82Europe
Oak, Laurel / Diamond-Leaf Oak / Water OakQuercus laurifolia0.56North America
Oak, Live / Southern LiveQuercus virginiana0.8North America
Oak, Myrtle / ShrubbyQuercus myrtifolia0.807North America
Oak, Northern RedQuercus rubra0.56North America
Oak, OvercupQuercus lyrata0.57North America
Oak, Pin / Swamp SpanishQuercus palustris0.58North America
Oak, Post / IronQuercus stellata0.6North America
Oak, Running / RunnerQuercus pumila0.71North America
Oak, Sand LiveQuercus geminata0.872North America
Oak, Sand Post Quercus margaretta0.76North America
Oak, ScarletQuercus coccinea0.6North America
Oak, Shumard / Swamp Red / Shumard RedQuercus shumardii0.64North America
Oak, Southern RedQuercus falcata0.52North America
Oak, Swamp Chestnut / BasketQuercus michauxii0.6North America
Oak, Swamp WhiteQuercus bicolor0.64North America
Oak, Turkey / Catesby / American TurkeyQuercus laevis0.639North America
Oak, WaterQuercus nigra0.56North America
Oak, WhiteQuercus alba0.6North America
Oak, WillowQuercus phellos0.56North America
Ocean Spray / Creambush / Ironwood Holodiscus discolor0.71North America
Officinal Drypetes / JivapotaPutranjiva roxburghii0.57India
Oil Cake Tree / Bitter Albizia Wheel Tree / Lallei / Krishna SirisAlbizia amara0.723India
Osage Orange / Horse Apple / Hedge AppleMaclura pomifera0.76North America
Pala Indigo / Dyers's Oleander / DudhiWrightia tinctoria0.8India
Palai Palaquium ellipticum0.53India
Paradise Apple / Common Apple Malus pumila0.646North America
Pear / Common / Garden / CultivatedPyrus communis0.603Europe
Peppermint, Black Eucalyptus amygdalina0.612Australia
Persian Walnut / English Walnut / Common WalnutJuglans regia0.47India
Persimmon Ebony / Coromandel Ebony / Malabar Ebony Diospyros melanoxylon0.68India
Persimmon, CommonDiospyros virginiana 0.64North America
Phalsa / DhaminGrewia asiatica0.585India
Pindar/ PindaluTrewia nudiflora0.44India
Pine / Gray / California Foothill Bull / Grey-leaf / DiggerPinus sabiniana0.4North America
Pine radiata / Guadalupe IslandPinus radiata0.39Australia
Pine, AleppoPinus halepensis0.46Europe
Pine, Bishop / Obispo / Swamp / Prickle-ConePinus muricata0.45North America
Pine, Canary Island Pinus canariensis0.61Europe
Pine, Common / Two Needle PinyonPinus edulis0.5North America
Pine, Coulter / Big-Cone Pine Pinus coulteri 0.4North America
Pine, Eastern White / Northern White / Weymouth / WhitePinus strobus0.34North America
Pine, European Black / Corsican / Austrian / BlackPinus nigra0.42Europe
Pine, Gray / California FoothillPinus, sabiniana0.4North America
Pine, Jack / Banksian / Black / ScrubPinus banksiana0.4North America
Pine, Jeffrey / Black Pinus jeffreyi0.37North America
Pine, Knobcone / NarrowconePinus attenuata0.39North America
Pine, Limber / Rocky Mountain White Pinus flexilis0.37North America
Pine, Loblolly / Frankincense / Oldfield / SouthernPinus taeda0.47North America
Pine, Lodgepole / Bolander Beach / Shore / Tamarack PinePinus contorta0.38North America
Pine, Longleaf / Florida / GeorgiaPinus palustris0.54North America
Pine, Maritime / ClusterPinus pinaster0.414Europe
Pine, Monterey / Cedros Island / Guadalupe Island / Radiata / InsignisPinus radiata0.4North America
Pine, Pitch / HardPinus rigida0.47North America
Pine, Pond / Bay / Marsh / PocosinPinus serotina0.51North America
Pine, Ponderosa / Western Yellow / Blackjack / Bull / Pacific Ponderosa / RockPinus ponderosa0.38North America
Pine, Red / American Red / Canadian Red / NorwayPinus resinosa0.41North America
Pine, Sand Pinus clausa0.46North America
Pine, Scots / ScotchPinus sylvestris0.422Europe
Pine, Shortleaf / Arkansas / Shortstraw / Southern / YellowPinus echinata0.47North America
Pine, Slash / American Pitch / Caribbean / Salish / Longleaf Pitch / SwampPinus elliottii0.54North America
Pine, Spruce / Bottom White / Cedar/ Poor / Walter Pinus glabra0.41North America
Pine, Stone / Italian Stone / Parasol / UmbrellaPinus pinea0.5Europe
Pine, Sugar / California SugarPinus lambertiana0.34North America
Pine, Table Mountain / Hickory / PrickleyPinus pungens0.49North America
Pine, Virginia / Jersey / Poverty / ScrubPinus virginiana0.45North America
Pine, Western White / Idaho White / Mountain White / SilverPinus monticola0.35North America
Pinervetty / Kattumarotti / Attuchangilai / KastelHydnocarpus alpina0.689India
Pinwheelflower / Crepe JasmineTabernaemontana divaricata0.75India
Pipli Tree Exbucklandia populnea0.55India
Plachh / Yuan Mao Yang / Hindi Ban Pipal / Chalaun / SafedaPopulus ciliata0.37India
Plane, Oriental / Plane TreePlatanus orientalis0.48Europe
Plum / Garden / Bullace / Damson / EuropeanPrunus domestica 0.61Europe
Poison Nut / Snake Wood/ Nux-Vomica / Strychnine Tree / Nux-Vomica Tree / KuchilaStrychnos nux-vomica0.86India
Polavu Stereospermum xylocarpum0.59India
Pond Apple, Alligator Apple Annona glabra 0.5North America
Poplar, Abele / Silver Poplar / Silverleaf PoplarPopulus alba 0.36North America
Poplar, Balsam / Black / HackmatackPopulus balsamifera0.31North America
Poplar, White / Silver / Silverleaf Populus alba0.353Europe
Poplar-Yellow / American Tulip / Canary WhitewoodLiriodendron tulipifera0.4North America
Portugal Laurel / PortuguesePrunus lusitanica0.61Europe
Potka Siris Albizia lucida0.88India
Powder-Puff Tree / Fish-Poison Wood / Fish-Killer TreeBarringtonia racemosa0.43India
Pride Of Burma Amherstia nobilis0.8India
Privet , Wild / Common / EuropeanLigustrum vulgare0.805Europe
Puna / Kodo TreeEhretia serrata0.64India
Pyrenean OakQuercus pyrenaica0.84Europe
Quarrelsome Tree Diospyros cordifolia0.73India
Queensland Maple Flindersia brayleyana0.47Australia
Red Beadtree / Red Lucky Seed / Red Sandelwood /Condori WoodAdenanthera pavonina0.88India
Red BloodwoodCorymbia gummifera>0.87Australia
Red Cassia / Ceylon Senna / Roxburgh's CassiaCassia marginata1.28India
Red Cutch Red EbonyAcacia chundra0.98India
Red Sandalwood / Ruby Wood / Red SandersPterocarpus santalinus0.97India
Redberry Stopper Eugenia confusa0.81North America
Redwood / California / CoastSequoia sempervirens0.38North America
Redwood, Coast Sequoia sempervirens 0.38Europe
Redwood, Giant / California Big-Tree / Giant Sequoia / Sequoia / SierraSequoiadendron giganteum 0.34North America
Redwood, Giant / WellingtoniaSequoiadendron giganteum0.34Europe
Reetha Sapindus laurifolius1.02India
Rohituka Tree / HarinkhanaAphanamixis polystachya0.64India
Rose Mallow Hibiscus populneus0.8India
Roxburgh's Kydia / Pula Kydia calycina0.258India
Sage-Leaved Alangium / Akola / AnkolAlangium salviifolium0.8India
Sal Tree / Salwa / Sakher / Salwa / SakhShorea robusta0.73India
Sang Drago / Amboyna Wood / Narra / SenaPterocarpus indicus0.96India
SassafrasSassafras albidum0.42North America
Satinay Syncarpia hillii0.68Australia
Senegal GumAcacia modesta0.835India
ServiceberryAmelanchier spp.0.66North America
Shitanshu / Vishaha Melaleuca leucadendron0.78India
Silk Oak / Silver Oak / KhajurGrevillea robusta0.64India
Siris Tree / Lebbeck / East India Walnut / Womans TongueAlbizia lebbeck0.8India
Sirpoon Tree / Poonspar TreeCalophyllum polyanthum0.439India
Sisso / Indian RosewoodDalbergia sissoo0.76India
Small-Fruited Grey Gum / Gum, Grey Eucalyptus propinqua0.876Australia
Sour Gum / Tupelo, BlackNyssa sylvatica0.46North America
Sourwood / Sorrel Tree Oxydendrum arboreum0.5North America
South Indian Mahua Madhuca longifolia0.74India
Southern Redcedar Juniperus silicicola0.42North America
Spindle, European / European SpindletreeEuonymus europaeus0.603Europe
Spruce, Black / Bog / shortleaf black / SwampPicea mariana0.38North America
Spruce, Engelmann / White Spruce / Mountain Spruce / Silver Spruce Picea engelmannii0.33North America
Spruce, Norway / Common / EuropeanPicea abies0.37Europe
Spruce, Red / Eastern / West VirginiaPicea rubens0.37North America
Spruce, SitkaPicea sitchensis0.362Europe
Spruce, Sitka / Coast / Menzies / WesternPicea sitchensis0.37North America
Spruce, White / Alberta / Black Hills / Canada / Western WhitePicea glauca0.33North America
Spurge / Indian Spurge Tree / Oleander Spurge / Patton Ki SendEuphorbia neriifolia0.41India
Stringybark, Small-Leaved / Thin-Leaved / Wilkinson'SEucalyptus eugenioides 0.719Australia
Sugandhakokila Cinnamomum cecidodaphne0.448India
Sugarberry / Southern HackberryCeltis laevigata0.47North America
Sweet OrangeCitrus sinensis0.78India
Sweetgum, American / American Storax / Hazel Pine / Satin-Walnut / AlligatorwoodLiquidambar styraciflua0.46North America
Sycamore, American / American Planetree Platanus occidentalis0.46North America
Syringe Tree / African Tulip Tree / RugtooraSpathodea campanulata0.64India
Tall Albizia / White Siris / Safed SirisAlbizia procera0.64India
Tamarack / Hackmatack / American Larch Alaskan / EasternLarix laricina0.49North America
Tamarind / Sampalok / Indian Date / ImliTamarindus indica1.28India
Tanoak / Tanbark-Oak Lithocarpus densiflorus0.58North America
Teak / Saag / Sagwan / Indian-OakTectona grandis0.72India
Tellicherry Bark / Ivory Tree / Bitter Oleander / Ester Tree / Conessi Bark / Indrajao / Kutaja / Karva IndrajauHolarrhena pubescens0.64India
Texas Walnut / Little WalnutJuglans microcarpa0.53North America
Thavidi / KanakaithaMiliusa tomentosa0.62India
Thingam Hopea wightiana0.913India
Thitmin / NageiaNageia wallichiana0.46India
Tinnelvelli Red Wood / Red-Wood TreeGluta travancorica0.62India
Tiriconamalai Maram Berrya cordifolia0.99India
Toothbrush Tree / Siamese Rough Bush / Sewra / Dahia / SihoraStreblus asper0.72India
Toothed Leaf Chilla / Vapunnakannan Casearia tomentosa0.64India
Torch Tree / Torch Wood Tree / Small Flowered Ixora / Jilpai / Kota GandhalIxora pavetta0.96India
Torch Wood / Buttercup Tree / Golden Silk Cotton / GalgalCochlospermum gossypium0.27India
Tree Of Damocles / Indian Trumpet Flower.Oroxylum indicum0.48India
Tree Of Heaven / MaharukhAilanthus excelsa0.4India
Tree Of Sadness / Coral Jasmine / Night-Flowering Jasmine / Pavazha MalliNyctanthes arbor-tristis0.88India
Trincomalee Wood / Halmilla Tree Berrya cordifolia0.77India
Tropical Almond / India AlmondTerminalia catappa0.51India
Trumpet Flower / PatiriStereospermum personatum0.6India
Tupelo, Water / Cottongum / Wild Olive / Large Tupelo Nyssa aquatica0.46North America
Turpentine Tree Syncarpia glomulifera 0.7Australia
Undapayin / UndaipanuGymnacranthera farquhariana0.439India
Ungu / Karanj / Panigrahi / Honge Tree / Indian Beech Tree / Vesi Ne Wai / Pongam Oil TreePongamia pinnata0.64India
Vegetable Hummingbird / Swamp Pea / Scarlet Wistaria-Tree / Spanish Armada / Basna / AgastiSesbania grandiflora0.51India
Vellacheeralam, KarakiAglaia hiernii0.5India
Venkkotta / Venkadavam / Vembala Lophopetalum wightianum0.37India
Villooni / Karai / Kanakaitha / Kar Miliusa velutina0.63India
Walnut / English / Carpathian / PersianJuglans regia0.551Europe
Walnut, BlackJuglans nigra0.51North America
Walnut, JapaneseJuglans ailanthifolia0.362Europe
WarasHeterophragma quadriloculare0.52India
Wayfarer / Wayfaring TreeViburnum lantana0.723Europe
Weeping Willow / BabylonSalix babylonica0.42Europe
West Himalayan AlderAlnus nitida0.37India
West Himalayan Spruce / Morinda Spruce Picea smithiana0.4India
Whistling Pine / She Oak / JunglisaruCasuarina equisetifolia0.96India
White Bully / Willow Bustic / Bustic CassadaSideroxylon salicifolium0.86North America
White Cedar / Vella AkilDysoxylum malabaricum0.58India
White Champak Michelia nilagirica0.551India
White Dammar / Indian Copal Tree / Piney Varnish Tree Vateria indica0.48India
White Kashmir Teak / Coomb Teak / Kambari / Candahar Tree / White Teak / Gamari / GhumharGmelina arborea0.56India
White Thorn Acacia suma1.21India
White WillowSalix alba0.284Europe
White Wood Chaste TreeVitex leucoxylon0.525India
Wild Guava / Patana Oak / Kumbi / Slow Match TreeCareya arborea0.8India
Wild Mangosteen / Malabar Ebony / Gaub Tree / Riber Ebony Diospyros peregrina0.72India
Wild Nutmeg / Kaatu Jathikai / Ran-JayphalKnema attenuata0.43India
Wild Service Tree, Chequers, And Checker TreeSorbus torminalis0.611Europe
Willow Catkins / Pussy / GoatSalix caprea0.396Europe
Willow, Black / Black AmericanSalix nigra0.36North America
Willow, Pacific Salix lasiandra0.39North America
Winged Myrobalan / Arjuna / Arjun Terminalia arjuna0.94India
Yew , Common / English / EuropeanTaxus baccata0.551Europe
Yew, Pacific / Western / Canadian / CalifornianTaxus brevifolia0.6North America
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