# Comparing Fuel Cost of Firewood, Propane and Electricity

Compare the cost of heating with wood to using alternative heating options. The calculation is based on the amount of Btu's one cord of firewood potentially can produce to the equivalent amount needed when using propane or electricity for heating and what it cost you for a cord of firewood.

In general, when calculating the efficiency of a heating appliance the Higher Heating Value (HHV) is used in the calculation of the amount of fuel used for burning. This does not make much sense if you consider that this amount is impossible to achieve in units used for residential heating.

HHV of propane = 91420 Btu per gallon US
LHV of propane = 84250 Btu per gallon US

### Example Calculation:

• one cord of firewood that produces 24 Mbtu @ cost of \$400.00 per cord
• wood appliance burning efficiency = 78%
• propane Btu's per gallon = 84250 Btu
• propane cost per gallon = \$3.50
• propane burning efficiency = 85%
• cost of electricity in cents per kWh = 12 cents
• one kWh = 3412 Btu
• electrical appliance efficiency = 100%
##### Firewood:
`24 * 0.78 = 18.7`
A cord of firewood produces 18.7 million of Btu's at a cost of \$400.00
##### Propane:
```84250 * 0.85 = 71,612.5
18.7 * 1000000 ÷ 71,612.5 = 261 gallons```
It takes 261 gallons of propane to produce 18.7 Mbtu
`261 * 3.50 = 913.95`
Cost for using propane = \$913.95
##### Electricity:
`18.7 * 1000000 ÷ 3412 = 5,480.66`
It takes 5,480.66 kWh to produce 18.7 Mbtu
`5,480.66 * 0.12 = 657.68`
Cost for using electricity = \$657.68

### Firewood, Propane, Electrical Heating

Heat energy of wood in millions of Btu Mbtu
Burning efficiency of wood appliance %
Heating value of propane in Btu's per gallon Btu/gal US
Price of Propane per Gallon \$ per gal US
Burning efficiency of propane appliance %
Cost of electricity in cents per kWh c per kWh
Efficiency of electrical appliance %

#### Results:

Millions of Btu's from wood based on burning efficiency MBtu
Propane needed in gallons gal US
Propane Cost \$
Electricity needed in kWh kWh
The cost for using electricity \$

#### In the Calculations:

• it is assumed that you know the price of a cord of firewood
• the preset value of 84250 Btu's per US gallon of propane, can be changed
• one kWh of electricity = 3412 Btu
• electrical heathing efficiency preset @ 100%, can be changed

#### The Calculation

1. enter the amount of Mbtu's your firewood can produce. Choose from the list below or use your amount
2. the efficiency of the wood-burning appliance in a percentage
3. the heating value of propane per gallon in Btu's preset @ 84250 Btu
4. price of propane in an amount per gallon
5. propane appliance burning efficiency rated Annualized Fuel Utilization Efficiency or AFUE level
6. cost of electricity in cents per kilowatt-hour
7. electrical appliance efficiency, preset @ 100%

#### Results

1. amount of Btu's from firewood based on burning efficiency
2. the volume of propane needed in gallons to match the wood-burning output
3. cost of heating with propane
4. amount of electricity needed in kWh
5. cost of heating with electricity
TypeCommon NameScientific NameMbtuMegajoules
Soft WoodFir, Pacific Silver / White / Red/ Lovely / Amabilis / CascadesAbies amabilis17.1418.09
Soft WoodFir, CorkbarkAbies arizonica15.4316.28
Soft WoodFir, Balsam / Canadian / Canada / Balm of Gilead / EasternAbies balsamea14.1414.92
Soft WoodFir, Santa Lucia / Bristlecone Abies bracteata15.4316.28
Soft WoodFir, White / Colorado / California White / Low'sAbies concolor15.8616.73
Soft WoodFir, FraserAbies fraseri14.5715.37
Soft WoodFir, Grand / Lowland / Lowland White / White / SilverAbies grandis15.0015.83
Soft WoodFir, Subalpine / Alpine / Mountain Balsam / Rocky Mountain / White BalsamAbies lasiocarpa13.2914.02
Soft WoodFir, Red / Golden / California Red / Shasta / SilvertipAbies magnifica15.4316.28
Soft WoodFir, NobleAbies procera15.8616.73
Soft WoodFir TreesAbies spp.14.5715.37
HardwoodMaple, Rocky MountainAcer glabrum18.8619.90
HardwoodMaple, BigtoothAcer grandidentatum18.8619.90
HardwoodMaple, Bigleaf / British Columbia / Broadleaf / OregonAcer macrophyllum18.8619.90
HardwoodMaple, Boxelder / Ash-Leaf / Manitoba / Three-LeaveAcer negundo17.8318.81
HardwoodMaple, Black / Black Sugar / Hard / RockAcer nigrum22.2923.51
HardwoodMaple, Striped / Goosefoot / Moosewood / Snake BarkAcer pensylvanicum18.8619.90
HardwoodMaple, Red / Scarlet / Soft / WaterAcer rubrum21.0022.16
HardwoodMaple, SilverAcer saccharinum18.8619.90
HardwoodMaple, SugarAcer saccharum24.0025.32
HardwoodMaple, Mountain / White / Moose / Dwarf Acer spicatum18.8619.90
Soft WoodThe Chamise / Greasewood,Adenostoma fasciculatum32.1533.92
HardwoodCalifornia Buckeye / California Horse-ChestnutAesculus californica16.2917.18
HardwoodYellow Buckeye / Common / Sweet Aesculus flava14.8715.69
HardwoodBuckeye, Yellow / SweetAesculus octandra14.1414.92
HardwoodAilanthus / Tree Of HeavenAilanthus altissima19.7220.80
HardwoodAlder, White / Rhombie LeafAlnus rhombifolia15.8616.73
HardwoodAlder, RedAlnus rubra15.8616.73
HardwoodServiceberryAmelanchier spp.28.2929.85
HardwoodPond Apple, Alligator AppleAnnona glabra21.4322.61
HardwoodDowny Manzanita / Woollyleaf Manzanita / Dacite ManzanitaArctostaphylos tomentosa30.8632.56
HardwoodPawpaw / Custard AppleAsimina triloba20.1421.25
HardwoodBirch, Yellow / BlackBetula alleghaniensis23.5724.87
HardwoodBirch, SweetBetula lenta25.7227.13
HardwoodBirch, RiverBetula nigra21.0022.16
HardwoodBirch, Red / WaterBetula occidentalis22.7223.97
HardwoodBirch, PaperBetula papyrifera20.5721.71
HardwoodBirch, GrayBetula populifolia19.2920.35
HardwoodChittamwood / Gum BumeliaBumelia lanuginosa20.1421.25
HardwoodGumbo-Limbo / Copperwood / ChacaBursera simaruba13.7214.47
Soft WoodCedar, IncenseCalocedrus decurrens15.0015.83
HardwoodAmerican Hornbeam / MusclewoodCarpinus caroliniana24.8626.23
HardwoodHickory, Water / Bitter PecanCarya aquatica26.1427.58
HardwoodHickory, Bitternut / SwampCarya cordiformis25.7227.13
HardwoodHickory, PignutCarya glabra28.2929.85
HardwoodHickory, PecanCarya illinoensis25.7227.13
HardwoodHickory, True, ShellbarkCarya laciniosa26.5728.04
HardwoodHickory, NutmegCarya myristiciformis24.0025.32
HardwoodHickory, True, ShagbarkCarya ovata27.4328.94
HardwoodHickory, Black / Buckley / Pignut Carya texana23.1424.42
HardwoodHickory, Mockernut / White / White-HeartCarya tomentosa27.4328.94
HardwoodChestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata17.1418.09
HardwoodChinquapin, Chinkapin Ozark Castanea ozarkensis17.1418.09
HardwoodChestnut, Dwarf / Chinquapin, American, Allegheny Castanea pumila17.1418.09
HardwoodChinquapin / Golden / Giant / WesternCastanopsis chrysophylla18.0018.99
HardwoodCatalpa, Northern / Hardy / Western / Cigar Tree / Catawba TreeCatalpa speciosa16.2917.18
HardwoodSugarberry / Southern HackberryCeltis laevigata20.1421.25
HardwoodHackberryCeltis occidentalis21.0022.16
HardwoodMountain Mahogany / Birch Leaf Mountain MahoganyCercocarpus betuloides34.2936.18
HardwoodMahogany, Little-Leaf Mountain Cercocarpus intricatus42.8645.22
HardwoodMahogany, Curl-Leaf Mountain Cercocarpus ledifolius42.8645.22
HardwoodMahogany, Alder-Leaf Mountain / True MountainCercocarpus montanus42.8645.22
Soft WoodCedar, Port-OrfordChamaecyparis lawsoniana16.7217.64
Soft WoodCedar, Yellow / AlaskaChamaecyparis nootkatensis18.0018.99
Soft WoodCedar, Atlantic WhiteChamaecyparis thyoides13.2914.02
HardwoodChinkapin, Giant / GoldenChrysolepis chrysophylla18.0018.99
HardwoodButtonwood / Button MangroveConocarpus erectus29.5731.20
HardwoodDogwood, FloweringCornus florida27.4328.94
HardwoodDogwood, Pacific / Mountain DogwoodCornus nuttallii24.8626.23
HardwoodAmerican, Smoketree, Smokewood / ChittamwoodCotinus obovatus20.1421.25
HardwoodHawthorn, Late / PearCrataegus calpodendron26.5728.04
Soft WoodCypress TreesCupressus spp.18.8619.90
HardwoodPersimmon, CommonDiospyros virginiana27.4328.94
HardwoodRedberry StopperEugenia confusa34.7236.63
HardwoodInkwood / ButterboughExothea paniculata31.2933.01
HardwoodBeech / American / North AmericanFagus grandifolia24.0025.32
Soft WoodFlorida Strangler Fig / Golden Fig/ HigueronFicus aurea18.8619.90
HardwoodAsh, Biltmore / WhiteFraxinus americana23.5724.87
HardwoodAsh, Oregon / WaterFraxinus latifolia21.4322.61
HardwoodAsh, BlackFraxinus nigra19.2920.35
HardwoodAsh, Green / BastardFraxinus pennsylvanica22.7223.97
HardwoodAsh, Pumpkin / RedFraxinus profunda20.5721.71
HardwoodAsh, Blue / VirginiaFraxinus quadrangulata22.7223.97
HardwoodLocust, Water / Swamp Gleditsia aquatica25.7227.13
HardwoodHoney Locust / Honey Shucks / Sweet BeanGleditsia triacanthos25.7227.13
HardwoodLoblolly Bay / Holly Bay / GordoniaGordonia lasianthus15.8616.73
HardwoodCarolina Silverbell / Little SilverbellHalesia carolina18.0018.99
HardwoodAmerican Witch-HazelHamamelis virginiana24.0025.32
HardwoodOcean Spray / Creambush / IronwoodHolodiscus discolor30.4332.11
HardwoodHolly, American / White HollyIlex opaca21.4322.61
HardwoodButternut / White WalnutJuglans cinerea15.4316.28
HardwoodTexas Walnut / Little WalnutJuglans microcarpa22.7223.97
HardwoodWalnut, BlackJuglans nigra21.8623.06
Soft WoodJuniper, Alligator / CheckerbarkJuniperus deppeana20.5721.71
Soft WoodJuniper, Cherrystone, One-seed / New MexicoJuniperus monosperma19.2920.35
Soft WoodJuniper, WesternJuniperus occidentalis19.2920.35
Soft WoodSouthern RedcedarJuniperus silicicola18.0018.99
Soft WoodJuniper TreesJuniperus spp.18.8619.90
Soft WoodCedar, Eastern RedcedarJuniperus virginiana18.8619.90
Soft WoodMountain Laurel / Calico-Bush / SpoonwoodKalmia latifolia26.5728.04
Soft WoodTamarack / Hackmatack / American Larch Alaskan / EasternLarix laricina21.0022.16
Soft WoodLarch, Subalpine, AlpineLarix lyallii20.5721.71
Soft WoodLarch, Western / Montana / MountainLarix occidentalis20.5721.71
Soft WoodIncense Cedar / California Incense-CedarLibocedrus decurrens15.0015.83
HardwoodSweetgum, American / American Storax / Hazel Pine / Satin-Walnut / AlligatorwoodLiquidambar styraciflua19.7220.80
HardwoodPoplar-Yellow / American Tulip / Canary WhitewoodLiriodendron tulipifera17.1418.09
HardwoodTanoak / Tanbark-OakLithocarpus densiflorus24.8626.23
HardwoodOsage Orange / Horse Apple / Hedge AppleMaclura pomifera32.5734.37
HardwoodMagnolia, Cucumbertree / Blue Magnolia,Magnolia acuminata18.8619.90
HardwoodMagnolia, Fraser / Mountain MagnoliaMagnolia fraseri17.1418.09
HardwoodMagnolia, SouthernMagnolia grandiflora19.7220.80
HardwoodMagnolia, SweetbayMagnolia virginiana18.0018.99
HardwoodParadise Apple / Common AppleMalus pumila27.6929.21
HardwoodApple / Common / WildMalus sylvestris26.1427.58
HardwoodMulberry, WhiteMorus alba25.2926.68
HardwoodMulberry, RedMorus rubra25.2926.68
HardwoodTupelo, Water / Cottongum / Wild Olive / Large TupeloNyssa aquatica19.7220.80
HardwoodTupelo, Ogeechee, White / River LimeNyssa ogeche19.7220.80
HardwoodSour Gum / Tupelo / BlackNyssa sylvatica19.7220.80
HardwoodIronwood / Desert IronwoodOlneya tesota42.8645.22
HardwoodHophornbeam, American / EasternOstrya virginiana27.0028.49
HardwoodSourwood / Sorrel TreeOxydendrum arboreum21.4322.61
HardwoodPrincess Tree / Empress Tree / Foxglove-TreePaulownia tomentosa16.2917.18
HardwoodRedbay / Tisswood / Scrubbay / Shorebay Persea borbonis21.8623.06
Soft WoodSpruce, Norway, EuropeanPicea abies16.2917.18
Soft WoodSpruce, BrewerPicea brewriana14.1414.92
Soft WoodSpruce, Engelmann / White Spruce / Mountain Spruce / Silver SprucePicea engelmannii14.1414.92
Soft WoodSpruce, White / Alberta / Black Hills / Canada / Western WhitePicea glauca14.1414.92
Soft WoodSpruce, Black / Bog / shortleaf black / SwampPicea mariana16.2917.18
Soft WoodSpruce, Colorado / BluePicea pungens16.2917.18
Soft WoodSpruce, Red / Eastern / West VirginiaPicea rubens15.8616.73
Soft WoodSpruce, Sitka / Coast / Menzies / WesternPicea sitchensis15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, Whitebark / White / Pitch / ScrubPinus albicaulis15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, Rocky Mountain / Colorado BristleconePinus aristata15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, ArizonaPinus arizonica15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, Knobcone / NarrowconePinus attenuata16.7217.64
Soft WoodPine, Foxtail Pinus balfouriana15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, Jack / Banksian / Black / ScrubPinus banksiana17.1418.09
Soft WoodPine, SandPinus clausa19.7220.80
Soft WoodPine, Lodgepole / Bolander Beach / Shore / Tamarack PinePinus contorta16.2917.18
Soft WoodPine, Coulter / Big-Cone PinePinus coulteri17.1418.09
Soft WoodBorder PinyonPinus discolor21.4322.61
Soft WoodPine, Shortleaf / Arkansas / Shortstraw / Southern / YellowPinus echinata20.1421.25
Soft WoodPine, Common / Two Needle PinyonPinus edulis21.4322.61
Soft WoodPine, Slash / American Pitch / Caribbean / Salish / Longleaf Pitch / SwampPinus elliottii23.1424.42
Soft WoodPine, ApachePinus engelmannii15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, Limber / Rocky Mountain WhitePinus flexilis15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, Spruce / Bottom White / Cedar/ Poor / WalterPinus glabra17.5718.54
Soft WoodPine, Jeffrey / BlackPinus jeffreyi15.8616.73
Soft WoodPine, Sugar / California SugarPinus lambertiana14.5715.37
Soft WoodPine, ChihuahuaPinus leiophylla15.8616.73
Soft WoodSingle-Leaf Pinyon Pinus monophylla21.4322.61
Soft WoodPine, Western White / Idaho White / Mountain White / SilverPinus monticola15.0015.83
Soft WoodPine, Bishop / Obispo / Swamp / Prickle-ConePinus muricata19.2920.35
Soft WoodPine, Austrian, Black Pinus nigra17.5718.54
Soft WoodPine, Longleaf / Florida / GeorgiaPinus palustris23.1424.42
Soft WoodPine, Ponderosa / Western Yellow / Blackjack / Bull / Pacific Ponderosa / RockPinus ponderosa16.2917.18
Soft WoodPine, Table Mountain / Hickory / PrickleyPinus pungens21.0022.16
Soft WoodPine, Monterey / Cedros Island / Guadalupe Island / Radiata / InsignisPinus radiata17.1418.09
Soft WoodPine, Red / American Red / Canadian Red / NorwayPinus resinosa17.5718.54
Soft WoodPine, Pitch / HardPinus rigida20.1421.25
Soft WoodPine, Gray / California Foothill / Bull / Grey-leaf / DiggerPinus sabiniana17.1418.09
Soft WoodPine, Pond / Bay / Marsh / PocosinPinus serotina21.8623.06
Soft WoodPine, Southwestern White / Mexican White Pinus strobiformis15.0015.83
Soft WoodPine, Eastern White / Northern White / Weymouth / WhitePinus strobus14.5715.37
Soft WoodPine, ScotsPinus sylvestris17.5718.54
Soft WoodPine, Loblolly / Frankincense / Oldfield / SouthernPinus taeda20.1421.25
Soft WoodPine, Virginia / Jersey / Poverty / ScrubPinus virginiana19.2920.35
HardwoodSycamore, American / American PlanetreePlatanus occidentalis19.7220.80
HardwoodPoplar, Abele / Silver Poplar / Silverleaf PoplarPopulus alba15.4316.28
HardwoodCottonwood, Narrowleaf Populus angustifolia14.5715.37
HardwoodPoplar, Balsam / Black / HackmatackPopulus balsamifera13.2914.02
HardwoodCottonwood, Eastern / Eastern / Plains / MatchPoplarPopulus deltoides15.8616.73
HardwoodCottonwood, Fremont / AlamoPopulus fremontii17.5718.54
HardwoodAspen, Bigtooth / Large-toothPopulus grandidentata15.4316.28
HardwoodCottonwood, Swamp / Poplar / DownyPopulus heterophylla15.8616.73
HardwoodCottonwood, Plains Populus sargentii15.8616.73
HardwoodAspen, Quaking / Trembling / Aspen PopularPopulus tremuloides15.0015.83
HardwoodCottonwood, BlackPopulus trichocarpa13.2914.02
HardwoodMesquite Spp.Prosopis spp.33.4335.27
HardwoodPlum, American / WildPrunus americana20.1421.25
HardwoodHollyleaf Cherry / Evergreen CherryPrunus ilicifolia31.2933.01
HardwoodPlum, Canadian, Black Prunus nigra20.1421.25
HardwoodBird Cherry / Fire Cherry / Pin CherryPrunus pensylvanica15.4316.28
HardwoodCherry, BlackPrunus serotina20.1421.25
HardwoodBitter-Berry / ChokecherryPrunus virginiana15.4316.28
Soft WoodDouglas-Fir, CoastPseudotsuga menziesii19.4220.48
Soft WoodDouglas-Fir, Interior NorthPseudotsuga menziesii19.2920.35
Soft WoodDouglas-Fir, Interior WestPseudotsuga menziesii19.7220.80
Soft WoodOak, California Live / Coast Live Quercus agrifolia30.0031.65
HardwoodOak, WhiteQuercus alba25.7227.13
HardwoodOak, Arizona White / ArizonaQuercus arizonica25.2926.68
HardwoodOak, Bastard WhiteQuercus austrina32.1533.92
HardwoodOak, Swamp WhiteQuercus bicolor27.4328.94
HardwoodOak, ChapmanQuercus chapmanii33.4335.27
HardwoodOak, Canyon Live / Canyon Oak / Maul OakQuercus chrysolepis30.0031.65
HardwoodOak, ScarletQuercus coccinea25.7227.13
HardwoodOak, BlueQuercus douglasii21.8623.06
HardwoodOak, Bastard / Bastard White / DurandQuercus durandii25.7227.13
HardwoodOak, Northern Pin / Hill's / JackQuercus ellipsoidalis24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, EmoryQuercus emoryi24.3025.64
HardwoodOak, Southern RedQuercus falcata22.2923.51
HardwoodOak, Gambel / Rocky Mountain White / Colorado ScrubQuercus gambelii26.5728.04
HardwoodOak, Garry / Oregon White Oak / Oregon OakQuercus garryana27.4328.94
HardwoodOak, Sand LiveQuercus geminata37.3739.43
HardwoodOak, Darlington / Laurel-Leaf OakQuercus hemisphaerica29.5731.20
HardwoodOak, Silverleaf, WhiteleafQuercus hypoleucoides30.0031.65
HardwoodOak, Bear, Scrub Quercus ilicifolia24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, ShingleQuercus imbricaria24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Bluejack / Upland Willow / Sandjack / CinnamonQuercus incana30.4332.11
HardwoodOak, California Black / Kellogg OakQuercus kelloggii21.8623.06
HardwoodOak, Turkey / Catesby / American TurkeyQuercus laevis27.3928.90
HardwoodOak, Laurel / Diamond-Leaf Oak / Water OakQuercus laurifolia24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Valley, RobleQuercus lobata27.4328.94
HardwoodOak, OvercupQuercus lyrata24.4325.78
HardwoodOak, Bur / Mossy-CupQuercus macrocarpa24.8626.23
HardwoodOak, Sand PostQuercus margaretta32.5734.37
HardwoodOak, BlackjackQuercus marilandica24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Swamp Chestnut / BasketQuercus michauxii25.7227.13
HardwoodOak, Dwarf Live / MinimalQuercus minima38.1540.25
HardwoodOak, ChinkapinQuercus muehlenbergii25.7227.13
HardwoodOak, Myrtle / ShrubbyQuercus myrtifolia34.5936.49
HardwoodOak, WaterQuercus nigra24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Nuttall Quercus nuttalli24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Arizona Blue / Blue Live / Sonoran BlueQuercus oblongifolia30.0031.65
HardwoodOak, CherrybarkQuercus pagoda26.1427.58
HardwoodOak, Pin / Swamp SpanishQuercus palustris24.8626.23
HardwoodOak, WillowQuercus phellos24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Chestnut / Rock / Rock Chestnut / MountainQuercus prinus24.4325.78
HardwoodOak, Running / RunnerQuercus pumila30.4332.11
HardwoodOak, Northern RedQuercus rubra24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Shumard / Swamp Red / Shumard RedQuercus shumardii27.4328.94
HardwoodOak, Post / IronQuercus stellata25.7227.13
HardwoodOak, Black / Eastern BlackQuercus velutina24.0025.32
HardwoodOak, Live / Southern LiveQuercus virginiana34.2936.18
HardwoodOak, Interior Live Quercus wislizeni30.0031.65
HardwoodBuckthorn / California CoffeeberryRhamnus californica21.4322.61
HardwoodBuckthorn, Spiny RedberryRhamnus crocea32.1533.92
HardwoodBuckthorn, CascaraRhamnus purshiana21.4322.61
HardwoodGreat Laurel / Rosebay RhododendronRhododendron maximum21.4322.61
HardwoodLocust, New Mexico, Southwest, Desert, PinkRobinia neomexicana28.2929.85
HardwoodLocust, Black / False Acacia / Green / Locust / Shipmast / White / YellowRobinia pseudoacacia28.2929.85
HardwoodWillow, PacificSalix lasiandra16.7217.64
HardwoodWillow, Black / Black AmericanSalix nigra15.4316.28
HardwoodBlue Elderberry / Blue ElderSambucus caerulea19.7220.80
HardwoodChinese Tallow / Florida Aspen / Chicken TreeSapium sebiferum20.1421.25
HardwoodSassafrasSassafras albidum18.0018.99
Soft WoodRedwood / California / CoastSequoia sempervirens16.2917.18
Soft WoodRedwood, Giant / California Big-Tree / Giant Sequoia / Sequoia / SierraSequoiadendron giganteum14.5715.37
HardwoodFalse Mastic / Yellow MasticSideroxylon foetidissimum22.2923.51
HardwoodBully TreesSideroxylon indet52.8955.80
HardwoodWhite Bully / Willow Bustic / Bustic CassadaSideroxylon salicifolium36.8638.89
HardwoodAsh, American MountainSorbus americana18.0018.99
Soft WoodBald Cypress / Swamp / Gulf / Red / Southern / White / YellowTaxodium distichum18.0018.99
Soft WoodYew, Pacific / Western / Canadian / CalifornianTaxus brevifolia25.7227.13
Soft WoodCedar, Northern White / Arborvitae / Eastern Arborvitae / SwampThuja occidentalis12.4313.11
Soft WoodCedar, Westernred / Pacific Red / Giant Arborvitae / Canoe / Giant/ ShinglewoodThuja plicata13.2914.02
HardwoodBasswood, American / American LindenTilia americana13.7214.47
HardwoodBasswood, WhiteTilia heterophylla13.7214.47
Soft WoodCalifornia Torreya / California Nutmeg Torreya califonica14.5715.37
Soft WoodHemlock, Eastern / Canada / Hemlock SpruceTsuga canadensis16.2917.18
Soft WoodHemlock, Western / Pacific / West CoastTsuga heterophylla18.0018.99
Soft WoodHemlock, MountainTsuga mertensiana18.0018.99
HardwoodElm, Winged / WahooUlmus alata25.7227.13
HardwoodElm, American / White / Water / FloridaUlmus americana19.7220.80
HardwoodElm, Texas Cedar / Cedar ElmUlmus crassifolia25.2926.68
HardwoodSiberian ElmUlmus pumila19.7220.80
HardwoodElm, Slippery / Red / Gray / SoftUlmus rubra20.5721.71
HardwoodSeptember ElmUlmus serotina24.4325.78
HardwoodElm TreesUlmus spp21.4322.61
HardwoodElm, Rock / CorkUlmus thomasii24.4325.78
HardwoodLaurel, California / Oregon MyrtleUmbellularia californica21.8623.06
HardwoodFarkleberry / Sparkleberry / HuckleberryVaccinium arboreum20.1421.25

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