Spike's Calculators

Steps Involved in Building a House

Exterior Finishing

Spike VM

Exterior Finishing in construction refers to the final stage, where the outer appearance of a building or structure is completed. This includes installing exterior materials such as siding, roofing, windows, doors, and trim work. The primary goal of exterior finishing construction is to protect the building from the elements while enhancing its aesthetic appeal. A well-executed exterior finishing construction can improve the energy efficiency of the building, increase its resale value, and provide an overall polished look.

31. Overhead Doors (Garage Doors)

Overhead doors, also known as garage doors, open upwards and are typically used to provide access to a garage or storage area. They are made of various materials, such as wood, steel, and aluminum, and can be operated manually or automatically. Overhead doors are designed to be durable, secure, and energy-efficient and can be customized to fit various garage sizes and styles. They are a popular option for homeowners and businesses, providing easy access and protection for valuables stored in the garage.

  • When purchasing your Garage Doors you may want to consider getting insulated doors. Depending where the garage is located, it could save you a lot on your heating bill.
  • Note: Even if you do not want automatic doors, have the electrician install ceiling plugs, and run the needed wiring.

32. Brick Work

If you have chosen a plan with Brick Work or Rock Face on part of the house this is the time it should be done. Although the brick can be done after the stucco or siding it is usually better to have it done before the stucco or siding is applied. Stone veneers (cultured stone) are applied after a stucco scratch coat.

  • There are many styles and colors to choose from, it is best to take along a piece of the siding and trim to help you coordinate the colors.

33. Siding, Soffits & Gutters


Siding is a material that is used to cover the exterior walls of a building. Various siding materials, including vinyl, wood, fibre cement, and metal, are available. Each material has its unique properties and benefits. Vinyl is known for being affordable and low maintenance, while wood siding adds a classic and natural look to a home. Fibre cement and metal are popular for their resistance to fire and pests. Ultimately, the choice of siding material depends on budget, climate, and personal preference.

Soffits are the undersides of roofs, eaves, and arches that extend beyond the exterior walls of a building. They are typically made of various materials such as wood, vinyl, aluminum, steel, and fiber cement. The choice of material for soffits depends on factors such as durability, cost, ease of installation, and aesthetic appeal. Wood soffits are popular for their natural look but require regular maintenance, while vinyl, aluminum, and fiber cement soffits are low-maintenance and come in a variety of colors and textures. Steel soffits are durable and fire-resistant but can be expensive. are the underside of the eaves or overhanging portion of a roof. They are often made of wood or other materials, protecting the roof from moisture and other elements while also providing ventilation.

Gutters are channels installed along the roof's edge to collect and direct rainwater away from the building's foundation. They are typically made of metal or vinyl and come in various shapes and sizes depending on the needs of the building. Gutters prevent water damage to a building's foundation, walls, and landscaping.

  • There are several different materials and styles available. In certain subdivisions, you may be restricted to what you may use. Find out beforehand. If you want a maintenance-free house, use vinyl siding and have all the wooden posts and exposed wood wrapped.
Siding Calculators: Fiber Cement/Engineered Wood Siding, Vinyl Siding, Board and Batten

34. Stucco


Stucco is a material made of aggregates, a binder, and water applied to walls, ceilings, and other surfaces to provide a decorative or protective coating. It is typically made of cement, sand, and lime but can also be made with other materials, such as acrylics or synthetic stucco.

  • There are several steps involved. The first is putting building paper covered with webbed wiring on the house, once this is done a layer of scratch coat is put on. The final coat is put on with the desired colors.

35. Driveway & Garage Floor


If you plan on pouring a new driveway and garage floor, it is essential to ensure the area is adequately prepared. This includes removing existing concrete or other materials, grading the area to ensure proper drainage, and compacting the soil to provide a stable base. It is also essential to consider any necessary permits or regulations that may be required in your area. Regarding the actual pouring process, working with a professional with experience in concrete pouring is essential. They will be able to ensure that the right mix of concrete is used, the surface is levelled correctly, and that the concrete is adequately cured to prevent cracking and other damage. After the concrete is poured and cured, protecting the surface and preventing damage is essential. This may include applying a sealant, avoiding harsh chemicals, and avoiding heavy loads or sharp objects that could cause cracks or other damage.

Note: Except for certain situations make this one of your last projects. Especially when it is not done on the original soil.

Note: Your driveway should be reinforced with rebar. Using Rebar will strengthen the concrete and it will be less likely to crack although it is almost impossible to eliminate all cracks.

  • Caution: Ever noticed a large number of driveways showing cracks close to the foundation, usually on corners? Attaching the rebar to the foundation, in most situations, is a bad idea and will cause cracks to appear which would not happen if the slab was allowed to move up and down freely without being constricted by rebar attached to the foundation. By the same token, when the foundation wall is very rough and you pour your sidewalk right up against it you may end up with an ugly corner crack spidering away from the foundation corner. Consider leaving space between your sidewalk and the foundation wall.
  • There are different types of surfaces, plain concrete, exposed aggregate, stamped or any number of surfaces may be applied.

36. Decking

Decking materials refer to the materials used to build a deck or a patio. Some common decking materials include wood (such as cedar, redwood, and pressure-treated lumber), composite materials (made of a blend of plastic and wood fibres), PVC (polyvinyl chloride), aluminum, and various types of natural stone. The choice of decking material depends on various factors such as budget, climate, maintenance requirements, and the desired look and feel of the deck.

  • There are different ways to finish your deck such as Vinyl Decking, boarding that can be stained or painted just to mention a few.  If you want a low maintenance home certain types of decking last much longer then others.

37. Railing

Railing and Decking

When it comes to deck railings, there are many options available. You can choose from wood, metal, glass, cable, or composite materials. Each type of railing has its unique look and advantages. Wooden railings are a classic option and can be stained or painted to match the deck. Metal railings are durable and low-maintenance, while glass and cable railings offer unobstructed views. Composite materials are weather-resistant and can mimic the look of wood. Whatever your preference, check local building codes to ensure your railing meets safety requirements.

  • There are different types of railing to choose from such as, Wooden, Aluminum, PVC, Tempered Glass, etc.. Again some railings last for years without any kind of up keep and others need constant care.

38. Landscaping


Landscaping and irrigation go hand in hand when creating and maintaining beautiful outdoor spaces. Proper irrigation keeps lawns, gardens, and other landscaped areas healthy and thriving. Before starting, it's essential to consider your budget, the climate in your area, and your personal preferences regarding plants and design. You can hire a professional landscaper to help you create a plan that suits your needs and budget. Some critical factors to consider include the soil type, sun exposure, and water availability on your property. Consider incorporating paths, lighting, and outdoor seating areas to make your outdoor space more functional and enjoyable. With careful planning and attention to detail, you can create a beautiful and welcoming outdoor environment for your new home.

  • Most subdivisions have a time limit on when the landscaping must be done by.
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