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Basic Specific Gravity of North American Trees

List with basic specific gravity values for trees found in North America.

basic specific gravity = oven-dry weight

The list also includes the type of tree (hardwood or softwood), plus their common and scientific names.

TypeCommon NameBinomialBasic Specific Gravity
HardwoodAilanthus / Tree Of Heaven Ailanthus altissima0.46
HardwoodAlder, RedAlnus rubra0.37
HardwoodAlder, White / Rhombie LeafAlnus rhombifolia 0.37
HardwoodAmerican Hornbeam / MusclewoodCarpinus caroliniana0.58
HardwoodAmerican Witch-Hazel Hamamelis virginiana0.56
HardwoodApple / Common / WildMalus sylvestris0.61
HardwoodAsh, Biltmore / WhiteFraxinus americana 0.55
HardwoodAsh, BlackFraxinus nigra0.45
HardwoodAsh, Blue / VirginiaFraxinus quadrangulata0.53
HardwoodAsh, Green / BastardFraxinus pennsylvanica0.53
HardwoodAsh, Oregon / WaterFraxinus latifolia0.5
HardwoodAsh, Pumpkin / RedFraxinus profunda0.48
HardwoodAspen, Bigtooth / Large-toothPopulus grandidentata0.36
HardwoodAspen, Quaking / Trembling / Aspen PopularPopulus tremuloides0.35
Soft WoodBald Cypress / Swamp / Gulf / Red / Southern / White / YellowTaxodium distichum0.42
HardwoodBasswood, American / American Linden Tilia americana0.32
HardwoodBasswood, WhiteTilia heterophylla0.32
HardwoodBeech / American / North AmericanFagus grandifolia0.56
HardwoodBirch, Alaska PaperBetula neoalaskana0.53
HardwoodBirch, GrayBetula populifolia0.45
HardwoodBirch, PaperBetula papyrifera0.48
HardwoodBirch, RiverBetula nigra0.49
HardwoodBirch, SweetBetula lenta0.6
HardwoodBirch, Yellow / BlackBetula alleghaniensis0.55
HardwoodBird Cherry / Fire Cherry / Pin Cherry Prunus pensylvanica0.36
HardwoodBlue Elderberry / Blue ElderSambucus caerulea0.46
HardwoodBuckeye, Yellow / SweetAesculus octandra0.33
HardwoodBuckthorn, California CoffeeberryRhamnus californica0.5
HardwoodBuckthorn, Cascara Rhamnus purshiana0.5
HardwoodBuckthorn, Spiny Redberry Rhamnus crocea0.75
HardwoodBully Trees Sideroxylon indet1.234
HardwoodButternut / White WalnutJuglans cinerea0.36
HardwoodButtonwood / Button Mangrove Conocarpus erectus0.69
HardwoodCanadian Serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis0.66
HardwoodCarolina Silverbell / Little Silverbell Halesia carolina0.42
HardwoodCatalpa, Northern / Hardy / Western / Cigar Tree / Catawba Tree Catalpa speciosa0.38
Soft WoodCedar, Atlantic WhiteChamaecyparis thyoides0.31
Soft WoodCedar, Eastern RedcedarJuniperus virginiana0.44
Soft WoodCedar, IncenseCalocedrus decurrens0.35
Soft WoodCedar, Northern White / Arborvitae / Eastern Arborvitae / Swamp Thuja occidentalis0.29
Soft WoodCedar, Port-OrfordChamaecyparis lawsoniana0.39
Soft WoodCedar, Westernred / Pacific Red / Giant Arborvitae / Canoe / Giant/ ShinglewoodThuja plicata0.31
Soft WoodCedar, Yellow / AlaskaChamaecyparis nootkatensis0.42
HardwoodCherry, BlackPrunus serotina0.47
HardwoodChestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata0.4
HardwoodChinkapin, Giant / GoldenChrysolepis chrysophylla 0.42
HardwoodChinquapin / Golden / Giant / Western Castanopsis chrysophylla0.42
HardwoodCottonwood, BlackPopulus trichocarpa0.31
HardwoodCottonwood, Eastern / Eastern / Plains / MatchPoplarPopulus deltoides0.37
HardwoodCottonwood, Fremont / AlamoPopulus fremontii 0.41
HardwoodDogwood, Flowering Cornus florida0.64
HardwoodDogwood, Pacific / Mountain Dogwood Cornus nuttallii0.58
Soft WoodDouglas-Fir, CoastPseudotsuga menziesii0.453
Soft WoodDouglas-Fir, Interior NorthPseudotsuga menziesii 0.45
Soft WoodDouglas-Fir, Interior WestPseudotsuga menziesii 0.46
HardwoodElm, American / White / Water / Florida Ulmus americana0.46
HardwoodElm, Rock, Elm Cork Ulmus thomasii0.57
HardwoodElm, Slippery / Red / Gray / SoftUlmus rubra0.48
HardwoodElm, Texas Cedar / Cedar ElmUlmus crassifolia0.59
HardwoodElm, Winged / WahooUlmus alata0.6
HardwoodFalse Mastic / Yellow Mastic Sideroxylon foetidissimum 0.52
Soft WoodFir, Balsam / Canadian / Canada / Balm of Gilead / EasternAbies balsamea0.33
Soft WoodFir, CorkbarkAbies arizonica0.36
Soft WoodFir, Grand / Lowland / Lowland White / White / SilverAbies grandis0.35
Soft WoodFir, NobleAbies procera0.37
Soft WoodFir, Pacific Silver / White / Red/ Lovely / Amabilis / Cascades Abies amabilis0.4
Soft WoodFir, Red / Golden / California Red / Shasta / SilvertipAbies magnifica0.36
Soft WoodFir, Subalpine / Alpine / Mountain Balsam / Rocky Mountain / White BalsamAbies lasiocarpa0.31
Soft WoodFir, White / Colorado / California White / Low'sAbies concolor0.37
Soft WoodFlorida Strangler Fig / Golden Fig/ Higuerón Ficus aurea0.44
HardwoodGreat Laurel / Rosebay RhododendronRhododendron maximum0.5
HardwoodGumbo-Limbo / Copperwood / ChacaBursera simaruba0.32
HardwoodHackberryCeltis occidentalis0.49
HardwoodHawthorn, Late / PearCrataegus calpodendron0.62
Soft WoodHemlock, Eastern / Canada / Hemlock SpruceTsuga canadensis0.38
Soft WoodHemlock, MountainTsuga mertensiana0.42
Soft WoodHemlock, Western / Pacific / West Coast Tsuga heterophylla0.42
HardwoodHickory, Bitternut / Swamp Carya cordiformis0.6
HardwoodHickory, Mockernut / White / White-Heart Carya tomentosa0.64
HardwoodHickory, NutmegCarya myristiciformis0.56
HardwoodHickory, PecanCarya illinoensis0.6
HardwoodHickory, PignutCarya glabra0.66
HardwoodHickory, True, ShagbarkCarya ovata0.64
HardwoodHickory, True, ShellbarkCarya laciniosa0.62
HardwoodHickory, Water / Bitter PecanCarya aquatica0.61
HardwoodHolly, American / White HollyIlex opaca0.5
HardwoodHollyleaf Cherry / Evergreen Cherry Prunus ilicifolia0.73
HardwoodHoney Locust / Honey Shucks / Sweet BeanGleditsia triacanthos 0.6
HardwoodHophornbeam, American / EasternOstrya virginiana0.63
Soft WoodIncense Cedar / California Incense-Cedar Libocedrus decurrens0.35
HardwoodInkwood / ButterboughExothea paniculata0.73
Soft WoodJuniper, Alligator / Checkerbark Juniperus deppeana0.48
Soft WoodJuniper, WesternJuniperus occidentalis 0.45
HardwoodKentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus0.53
Soft WoodLarch, Western / Montana / MountainLarix occidentalis0.48
HardwoodLaurel, California / Oregon MyrtleUmbellularia californica0.51
HardwoodLocust, Black / False Acacia / Green / Locust / Shipmast / White / Yellow Robinia pseudoacacia 0.66
HardwoodMadrone, PacificArbutus menziesii0.57
HardwoodMagnolia, Cucumbertree / Blue Magnolia,Magnolia acuminata0.44
HardwoodMagnolia, Fraser / Mountain MagnoliaMagnolia fraseri0.4
HardwoodMagnolia, SouthernMagnolia grandiflora0.46
HardwoodMagnolia, SweetbayMagnolia virginiana0.42
HardwoodMaple, Bigleaf / British Columbia / Broadleaf / OregonAcer macrophyllum0.44
HardwoodMaple, Black / Black Sugar / Hard / RockAcer nigrum0.52
HardwoodMaple, Boxelder / Ash-Leaf / Manitoba / Three-Leave Acer negundo0.416
HardwoodMaple, Red / Scarlet / Soft / WaterAcer rubrum0.49
HardwoodMaple, Silver Acer saccharinum0.44
HardwoodMaple, Striped / Goosefoot / Moosewood / Snake BarkAcer pensylvanicum0.44
HardwoodMaple, SugarAcer saccharum0.56
HardwoodMesquite Spp.Prosopis spp.0.78
HardwoodMountain Laurel / Calico-Bush / Spoonwood Kalmia latifolia0.62
HardwoodMountain Mahogany / Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus betuloides0.8
HardwoodOak, Arizona White / Arizona Quercus Arizonica0.59
HardwoodOak, Bastard WhiteQuercus austrina0.75
HardwoodOak, Black / Eastern BlackQuercus velutina0.56
HardwoodOak, Bluejack / Upland Willow Oak / Sandjack Oak / Cinnamon Oak Quercus incana0.71
HardwoodOak, Bur / Mossy-Cup Quercus macrocarpa0.58
HardwoodOak, California Black / Kellogg Oak Quercus kelloggii0.51
HardwoodOak, Canyon Live / Canyon Oak / Maul Oak Quercus chrysolepis0.7
HardwoodOak, ChapmanQuercus chapmanii0.78
HardwoodOak, CherrybarkQuercus pagoda0.61
HardwoodOak, Chestnut / Rock / Rock Chestnut / Mountain Quercus prinus0.57
HardwoodOak, Darlington / Laurel-Leaf OakQuercus hemisphaerica0.69
HardwoodOak, Dwarf Live / MinimalQuercus minima0.89
HardwoodOak, Gambel / Rocky Mountain White / Colorado ScrubQuercus gambelii0.62
HardwoodOak, Garry / Oregon White Oak / Oregon Oak Quercus garryana0.64
HardwoodOak, Laurel / Diamond-Leaf Oak / Water OakQuercus laurifolia0.56
HardwoodOak, Live / Southern LiveQuercus virginiana0.8
HardwoodOak, Myrtle / ShrubbyQuercus myrtifolia0.807
HardwoodOak, Northern RedQuercus rubra0.56
HardwoodOak, OvercupQuercus lyrata0.57
HardwoodOak, Pin / Swamp SpanishQuercus palustris0.58
HardwoodOak, Post / IronQuercus stellata0.6
HardwoodOak, Running / RunnerQuercus pumila0.71
HardwoodOak, Sand LiveQuercus geminata0.872
HardwoodOak, Sand Post Quercus margaretta0.76
HardwoodOak, ScarletQuercus coccinea0.6
HardwoodOak, Shumard / Swamp Red / Shumard RedQuercus shumardii0.64
HardwoodOak, Southern RedQuercus falcata0.52
HardwoodOak, Swamp Chestnut / BasketQuercus michauxii0.6
HardwoodOak, Swamp WhiteQuercus bicolor0.64
HardwoodOak, Turkey / Catesby / American TurkeyQuercus laevis0.639
HardwoodOak, WaterQuercus nigra0.56
HardwoodOak, WhiteQuercus alba0.6
HardwoodOak, WillowQuercus phellos0.56
HardwoodOcean Spray / Creambush / Ironwood Holodiscus discolor0.71
HardwoodOsage Orange / Horse Apple / Hedge AppleMaclura pomifera0.76
HardwoodParadise Apple / Common Apple Malus pumila0.646
HardwoodPersimmon, CommonDiospyros virginiana 0.64
Soft WoodPine, Bishop / Obispo / Swamp / Prickle-ConePinus muricata0.45
Soft WoodPine, Common / Two Needle PinyonPinus edulis0.5
Soft WoodPine, Coulter / Big-Cone Pine Pinus coulteri 0.4
Soft WoodPine, Eastern White / Northern White / Weymouth / WhitePinus strobus0.34
Soft WoodPine, Gray / California Foothill / Bull / Grey-leaf / DiggerPinus sabiniana0.4
Soft WoodPine, Jack / Banksian / Black / ScrubPinus banksiana0.4
Soft WoodPine, Jeffrey / Black Pinus jeffreyi0.37
Soft WoodPine, Knobcone / NarrowconePinus attenuata0.39
Soft WoodPine, Limber / Rocky Mountain White Pinus flexilis0.37
Soft WoodPine, Loblolly / Frankincense / Oldfield / SouthernPinus taeda0.47
Soft WoodPine, Lodgepole / Bolander Beach / Shore / Tamarack PinePinus contorta0.38
Soft WoodPine, Longleaf / Florida / GeorgiaPinus palustris0.54
Soft WoodPine, Monterey / Cedros Island / Guadalupe Island / Radiata / InsignisPinus radiata0.4
Soft WoodPine, Pitch / HardPinus rigida0.47
Soft WoodPine, Pond / Bay / Marsh / PocosinPinus serotina0.51
Soft WoodPine, Ponderosa / Western Yellow / Blackjack / Bull / Pacific Ponderosa / RockPinus ponderosa0.38
Soft WoodPine, Red / American Red / Canadian Red / NorwayPinus resinosa0.41
Soft WoodPine, Sand Pinus clausa0.46
Soft WoodPine, Shortleaf / Arkansas / Shortstraw / Southern / YellowPinus echinata0.47
Soft WoodPine, Slash / American Pitch / Caribbean / Salish / Longleaf Pitch / SwampPinus elliottii0.54
Soft WoodPine, Spruce / Bottom White / Cedar/ Poor / Walter Pinus glabra0.41
Soft WoodPine, Sugar / California SugarPinus lambertiana0.34
Soft WoodPine, Table Mountain / Hickory / PrickleyPinus pungens0.49
Soft WoodPine, Virginia / Jersey / Poverty / ScrubPinus virginiana0.45
Soft WoodPine, Western White / Idaho White / Mountain White / SilverPinus monticola0.35
HardwoodPond Apple, Alligator Apple Annona glabra 0.5
HardwoodPoplar, Abele / Silver Poplar / Silverleaf PoplarPopulus alba 0.36
HardwoodPoplar, Balsam / Black / HackmatackPopulus balsamifera0.31
HardwoodPoplar-Yellow / American Tulip / Canary WhitewoodLiriodendron tulipifera0.4
HardwoodRedberry Stopper Eugenia confusa0.81
Soft WoodRedwood / California / CoastSequoia sempervirens0.38
Soft WoodRedwood, Giant / California Big-Tree / Giant Sequoia / Sequoia / SierraSequoiadendron giganteum 0.34
HardwoodSassafrasSassafras albidum0.42
HardwoodServiceberryAmelanchier spp.0.66
HardwoodSour Gum / Tupelo, BlackNyssa sylvatica0.46
HardwoodSourwood / Sorrel Tree Oxydendrum arboreum0.5
Soft WoodSouthern Redcedar Juniperus silicicola0.42
Soft WoodSpruce, Black / Bog / shortleaf black / SwampPicea mariana0.38
Soft WoodSpruce, Engelmann / White Spruce / Mountain Spruce / Silver Spruce Picea engelmannii0.33
Soft WoodSpruce, Red / Eastern / West VirginiaPicea rubens0.37
Soft WoodSpruce, Sitka / Coast / Menzies / WesternPicea sitchensis0.37
Soft WoodSpruce, White / Alberta / Black Hills / Canada / Western WhitePicea glauca0.33
HardwoodSugarberry / Southern HackberryCeltis laevigata0.47
HardwoodSweetgum, American / American Storax / Hazel Pine / Satin-Walnut / AlligatorwoodLiquidambar styraciflua0.46
HardwoodSycamore, American / American Planetree Platanus occidentalis0.46
Soft WoodTamarack / Hackmatack / American Larch Alaskan / EasternLarix laricina0.49
HardwoodTanoak / Tanbark-Oak Lithocarpus densiflorus0.58
HardwoodTexas Walnut / Little WalnutJuglans microcarpa0.53
HardwoodTupelo, Water / Cottongum / Wild Olive / Large Tupelo Nyssa aquatica0.46
HardwoodWalnut, BlackJuglans nigra0.51
HardwoodWhite Bully / Willow Bustic / Bustic CassadaSideroxylon salicifolium0.86
HardwoodWillow, Black / Black AmericanSalix nigra0.36
HardwoodWillow, Pacific Salix lasiandra0.39
Soft WoodYew, Pacific / Western / Canadian / CalifornianTaxus brevifolia0.6
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