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Basic Specific Gravity of Indian Tree Species

List with basic specific gravity values for tree species common to India

basic specific gravity = green volume and oven-dry weight

Common NameBinomialBasic Specific GravityRegion
Alexandrian Laurel, Malayalam, Namaeruak, SansCalophyllum wightianum0.57India
Andaman Bullet-Wood Manilkara littoralis0.9India
Apple Blossom / Pink And White Shower Tree / Javanese CassiaCassia javanica0.64India
Banyan Tree / Banyan / Indian Fig Tree / Bar / Bor / BarhFicus benghalensis0.59India
Beach Mulberry / Great Morinda / Ach / Manjanatti / Nuna / Indian MulberryMorinda citrifolia0.72India
Bedda Nut Tree / Belleric Myrobalan / Beach Almond / Bhaira / BaheraTerminalia belirica0.76India
Bengal Kino / Bastard Teak / Flame Of Forest / Palash / DhakButea monosperma0.56India
Bili Nandi / BendekuLagerstroemia microcarpa0.5India
Bilimbi / Chemmeenpuli / IrumbanpuliAverrhoa bilimbi0.56India
Bilitirupa / Nirnavaal / Karinjaval / AattunjavalSyzygium gardneri0.76India
Bintangur Calophyllum tomentosum0.53India
Bishopwood / Tiger Tree / Bishopweed / Kein / Toog /JavawoodBischofia javanica0.72India
Black Dammar Canarium strictum0.53India
Black Kongu / KarakonguHopea utilis0.84India
Black Varnish Tree Holigarna arnottiana0.32718India
Blinding Tree Excoecaria agallocha0.38India
Blue Pine†/ Himalayan White Pine / Bhutan PinePinus wallichiana0.43India
Buddha's Coconut Tree / AnathondiPterygota alata0.48India
Burma Blackwood Dalbergia cultrata0.77India
Burmese Lacquer Gluta usitata0.74India
Butterfly Tree / Purple Orchid Tree / Camel Hoof TreeBauhinia purpurea0.72India
Buttontree / Dhau / Dhoy / DhauraAnogeissus acuminata0.88India
Camphor / Camphor Laurel / Karpur Cinnamomum camphora0.62India
Candle Nut Tree / KukuiAleurites moluccana0.6India
Cannon Ball Tree Xylocarpus granatum0.66297India
Carattannili Dipterocarpus bourdilloni0.58India
Cedar, Pink / KorangattiAcrocarpus fraxinifolius0.68India
Ceylon Oak / Lac Tree / Ma / Macassar Oil Tree / KusamSchleichera oleosa1.08India
ChaplashArtocarpus chaplasha0.45India
ChaulmoograGynocardia odorata0.39606India
Chebulic Myrombalam / Black Myrobalan / Harra / HararaTerminalia chebula0.88India
China-Shrub / BisiArdisia solanacea0.62India
Chinese ElmUlmus lanceaefolia0.70602India
Chinese Soapberry / Soapnut / RithaSapindus mukorossi0.7India
Chinese Tallow / Candleberry-Tree / PippalyangSapium sebiferum0.51India
Chirauli NutBuchanania latifolia0.46India
Common Sausage Tree / Jhar Fanoos / Balam KhiraKigelia africana0.7India
Crepe Myrtle / Crepe Flower / Sida / BakliLagerstroemia parviflora0.62India
Crepe Myrtle Tree / Pride-Of-India / JarulLagerstroemia speciosa0.64India
Curry Leaf / Bursunga / Meetha Neem / KatneemMurraya koenigii0.68India
Custard Apple, Sugar Apple / Sharifa / SitaphalAnnona squamosa0.73India
Dhaman Grewia tiliaefolia0.65India
Dhao, Dhankra, GhavadAnogeissus sericea0.74India
Dhok / Dhonk / DhonkdaAnogeissus pendula0.94India
Dinnerplate Tree / Kanak Champa / Padma Pushp / ParivyadhPterospermum acerifolium0.72India
Dita Bark Tree / Devil Tree / Saptaparni / ScholarAlstonia scholaris0.44India
Divi Divi Caesalpinia coriaria1.18India
East Indian Copal Canarium bengalense0.56India
Ebony Tree / KachnarBauhinia variegata0.7India
Egyptian Riverhemp / Common Sesban / Egyptian Rattlepod / Shevari / Jayanti / RaysinghaniSesbania sesban0.43India
Ekdania / Katti-Daman / Kasai / KattianBridelia retusa0.5India
False Ashok / Mast Tree / Dedbari / Ashok / Aranamaram / CherunnaPolyalthia longifolia0.59India
Fern Tree Filicium decipiens0.96India
Fir, West Himalayan / Pindrow / Ragha Abies pindrow0.38India
Five Finger / Aanappulinchakka / Thamaratha / Kamranga TreeAverrhoa carambola0.6India
Five Leaved Chaste Tree / NirgundiVitex negundo0.67India
Fragrant Bay Tree Persea odoratissima0.57India
Garuga / KharpatGaruga pinnata0.64India
Guava / Guajava / Common Guava / AmroodPsidium pomiferum0.67India
Guest Tree / BholaKleinhovia hospita0.44India
Gum Arabic Tree / Babul / Thorn Mimosa / Egyptian AcaciaAcacia arabica0.86India
Gummy Cape Jasmine / Dekamella-Gum Gardenia / Cumbi-Gum Tree / KikemalGardenia gummifera0.61India
Haldu / Kadami / KadambaAdina cordifolia0.59India
Hattipaila Pterocarpus acerifolius0.51India
Himalayan Cedar / Deodar Cedar / DevdarCedrus deodara0.47India
Himalayan Cypress / Bhutan CypressCupressus torulosa0.44India
Himalayan Elm / Kashmir Elm / Bhutan ElmUlmus wallichiana0.44India
Himalayan Hemlock Tsuga brunoniana0.38India
Himalayan Mulberry Morus serrata0.58India
Hirsute Artocarpus / Wild Jack / AiniArtocarpus hirsutus0.52India
Hollong Tree Dipterocarpus macrocarpus0.6India
Hopea / Karimpongu / Kongu / Irumbakam / NaithambagaHopea glabra0.87India
Hopea / White Kongu / Iron Wood Of MalabarHopea parviflora0.79India
Hora / KiripaluDipterocarpus zeylanicus0.689661India
Indian Bael / Stone Apple / Holy Fruit TreeAegle marmelos0.88India
Indian Black Wood / AnjanHardwickia binata0.73India
Indian Cassia / Indian Bay Leaf / Indian Cassia Bark / Tamala CassiaCinnamomum tamala0.64India
Indian Catmon / Elephant Apple / Girnar / Chalta / KarmabelDillenia indica0.7India
Indian Cheryy / Fragrant Manjack Cordia dichotoma0.36India
Indian Cork Tree / Corckumaram / Kattumalli / Tree Jasmine / MaramalliMillingtonia hortensis0.64India
Indian Frankincense / Incense Tree / Indian Olibanum / SalaiBoswellia serrata0.5India
Indian Horse Chestnut / Himalayan Horse ChestnutAesculus indica0.46494India
Indian Laburnum / Purging CassiaCassia fistula0.96India
Indian Laurel Fig / Thapsi / PhrapsiFicus retusa0.64India
Indian Mahogany / Red Cedar /Sandal Neem / Toon TreeCedrela toona0.56India
Indian Mango / Cuckoo's Joy, Mango, Mango Tree Mangifera indica0.68India
Indian MapleAcer caesium0.49938India
Indian Oak / Small Indian Oak / AttupezhuBarringtonia acutangula0.62India
Indian Red Wood / Rohan Soymida febrifuga0.96India
Indian Rubber Fig Ficus elastica0.68India
Indian Tree Spurge / Milk Bush / Pencil Bush Euphorbia tirucalli0.54India
Indian-Buttertree Diploknema butyracea0.63India
Indonesia Rosewood / Bombay Blackwood / Malabar Rosewood / SitsalDalbergia latifolia0.8India
Ironwood / KassodCassia siamea0.86India
JambuXylia xylocarpa0.68India
Japanese Medlar / Loquat / Japanese Plum / LokatEriobotrya japonica0.88India
Java Plum / Neredu / Naval / Jambol / Jaman / Jambu / Black Plum Syzygium cumini0.76India
Jonesia Asoka Saraca indica0.8India
Jujube Tree / Indian Jujube / Chinese Date / Common Jujub / BerZiziphus jujuba0.92India
Jungle Cork Tree / Indian Elm / Kanju / Papri / PapdiHoloptelea integrifolia0.5India
Kandi / Jat / JhandProsopis spicigera0.63India
KaoriGrewia multiflora0.57India
Katber Ziziphus xylopyrus0.66297India
Katu Yette Lepisanthes tetraphylla0.96India
Khaiger /kanta / Chira / Kaigu / Banni / AnsandraAcacia ferruginea0.88India
Kiinankadami Breonia chinensis0.42India
Kirballi / Vayanavu / PudangalliPoeciloneuron indicum0.9India
Kulamavu / Uravu / Kulirmavu,Persea macrantha0.44India
Lilac Tree / Persian Lilac / Chinaberry / Bead Tree / Umbrella Tree / Pride Of India / White CedarMelia azedarach0.56India
Litchi / Litchi NutLitchi chinensis0.96India
Longleaf Pine / ChirPinus longifolia0.48India
Longwood Haematoxylum campechianum1.04India
Looking Glass Tree / SundariHeritiera littoralis1.04India
Madras Thorn / Jangal JalebiPithecellobium dulce0.64India
Magizham / Bakula / Pagade Tree's / Maulsari / Bulletwood / Indian Medlar Mimusops elengi0.8India
Malay Apple / Malaysian Apple / PomeracSyzygium malaccense0.6India
Malkakni / Dhebri / Jamrasi / Kondagaid Elaeodendron glaucum0.72India
Mangrove Apple / Sonneratia Mangrove / Marai Maa Sonneratia apetala0.52India
Mangrove Trumpet-Tree Dolichandrone spathacea0.56India
Maple, Campbell's Acer campbellii0.49938India
Maple, FranchetísAcer sterculiaceum0.35301India
Maple, Himalayan / Evergreen Maple / Kashmir Acer oblongum0.6027India
Maple, Painted Acer pictum0.62853India
Marodphali Heterophragma adenophyllum0.76India
Moa Tree / Gilaunda / Mahua / VanprasthMadhuca latifolia0.99India
Monkeyfruit / Lakoocha / Badahara,Artocarpus lakoocha0.64India
Narela Polyalthia cerasoides0.83India
New Guinea Rosewood Dipterocarpus indicus0.62India
Officinal Drypetes / JivapotaPutranjiva roxburghii0.57India
Oil Cake Tree / Bitter Albizia Wheel Tree / Lallei / Krishna SirisAlbizia amara0.72324India
Pala Indigo / Dyersís Oleander / DudhiWrightia tinctoria0.8India
Palai Palaquium ellipticum0.53India
Persian Walnut / English Walnut / Common WalnutJuglans regia0.47India
Persimmon Ebony / Coromandel Ebony / Malabar Ebony Diospyros melanoxylon0.68India
Phalsa / DhaminGrewia asiatica0.58548India
Pindar/ PindaluTrewia nudiflora0.44India
Pinervetty / Kattumarotti / Attuchangilai / KastelHydnocarpus alpina0.6888India
Pinwheelflower / Crepe JasmineTabernaemontana divaricata0.75India
Pipli Tree Exbucklandia populnea0.55India
Plachh / Yuan Mao Yang / Hindi Ban Pipal / Chalaun / SafedaPopulus ciliata0.37India
Poison Nut / Snake Wood/ Nux-Vomica / Strychnine Tree / Nux-Vomica Tree / KuchilaStrychnos nux-vomica0.86India
Polavu Stereospermum xylocarpum0.59India
Potka Siris Albizia lucida0.88India
Powder-Puff Tree / Fish-Poison Wood / Fish-Killer TreeBarringtonia racemosa0.43India
Pride Of Burma Amherstia nobilis0.8India
Puna / Kodo TreeEhretia serrata0.64India
Quarrelsome Tree Diospyros cordifolia0.73India
Red Beadtree / Red Lucky Seed / Red Sandelwood /Condori WoodAdenanthera pavonina0.88India
Red Cassia / Ceylon Senna / Roxburgh's CassiaCassia marginata1.28India
Red Cutch Red EbonyAcacia chundra0.98India
Red Sandalwood / Ruby Wood / Red SandersPterocarpus santalinus0.97India
Reetha Sapindus laurifolius1.02India
Rohituka Tree / HarinkhanaAphanamixis polystachya0.64India
Rose Mallow Hibiscus populneus0.8India
Roxburgh's Kydia / Pula Kydia calycina0.2583India
Sage-Leaved Alangium / Akola / AnkolAlangium salviifolium0.8India
Sal Tree / Salwa / Sakher / Salwa / SakhShorea robusta0.73India
Sang Drago / Amboyna Wood / Narra / SenaPterocarpus indicus0.96India
Senegal GumAcacia modesta0.83517India
Shitanshu / Vishaha Melaleuca leucadendron0.78India
Silk Oak / Silver Oak / KhajurGrevillea robusta0.64India
Siris Tree / Lebbeck / East India Walnut / Womans TongueAlbizia lebbeck0.8India
Sirpoon Tree / Poonspar TreeCalophyllum polyanthum0.43911India
Sisso / Indian RosewoodDalbergia sissoo0.76India
South Indian Mahua Madhuca longifolia0.74India
Spurge / Indian Spurge Tree / Oleander Spurge / Patton Ki SendEuphorbia neriifolia0.41India
Sugandhakokila Cinnamomum cecidodaphne0.44772India
Sweet OrangeCitrus sinensis0.78India
Syringe Tree / African Tulip Tree / RugtooraSpathodea campanulata0.64India
Tall Albizia / White Siris / Safed SirisAlbizia procera0.64India
Tamarind / Sampalok / Indian Date / ImliTamarindus indica1.28India
Teak / Saag / Sagwan / Indian-OakTectona grandis0.72India
Tellicherry Bark / Ivory Tree / Bitter Oleander / Ester Tree / Conessi Bark / Indrajao / Kutaja / Karva IndrajauHolarrhena pubescens0.64India
Thavidi / KanakaithaMiliusa tomentosa0.62India
Thingam Hopea wightiana0.91266India
Thitmin / NageiaNageia wallichiana0.46India
Tinnelvelli Red Wood / Red-Wood TreeGluta travancorica0.62India
Tiriconamalai Maram Berrya cordifolia0.99India
Toothbrush Tree / Siamese Rough Bush / Sewra / Dahia / SihoraStreblus asper0.72India
Toothed Leaf Chilla / Vapunnakannan Casearia tomentosa0.64India
Torch Tree / Torch Wood Tree / Small Flowered Ixora / Jilpai / Kota GandhalIxora pavetta0.96India
Torch Wood / Buttercup Tree / Golden Silk Cotton / GalgalCochlospermum gossypium0.27India
Tree Of Damocles / Indian Trumpet Flower.Oroxylum indicum0.48India
Tree Of Heaven / MaharukhAilanthus excelsa0.4India
Tree Of Sadness / Coral Jasmine / Night-Flowering Jasmine / Pavazha MalliNyctanthes arbor-tristis0.88India
Trincomalee Wood / Halmilla Tree Berrya cordifolia0.77India
Tropical Almond / India AlmondTerminalia catappa0.51India
Trumpet Flower / PatiriStereospermum personatum0.6India
Undapayin / UndaipanuGymnacranthera farquhariana0.43911India
Ungu / Karanj / Panigrahi / Honge Tree / Indian Beech Tree / Vesi Ne Wai / Pongam Oil TreePongamia pinnata0.64India
Vegetable Hummingbird / Swamp Pea / Scarlet Wistaria-Tree / Spanish Armada / Basna / AgastiSesbania grandiflora0.51India
Vellacheeralam, KarakiAglaia hiernii0.5India
Venkkotta / Venkadavam / Vembala Lophopetalum wightianum0.37India
Villooni / Karai / Kanakaitha / Kar Miliusa velutina0.63India
WarasHeterophragma quadriloculare0.52India
West Himalayan AlderAlnus nitida0.37023India
West Himalayan Spruce / Morinda Spruce Picea smithiana0.4India
Whistling Pine / She Oak / JunglisaruCasuarina equisetifolia0.96India
White Cedar / Vella AkilDysoxylum malabaricum0.58India
White Champak Michelia nilagirica0.55104India
White Dammar / Indian Copal Tree / Piney Varnish Tree Vateria indica0.48India
White Kashmir Teak / Coomb Teak / Kambari / Candahar Tree / White Teak / Gamari / GhumharGmelina arborea0.56India
White Thorn Acacia suma1.21India
White Wood Chaste TreeVitex leucoxylon0.52521India
Wild Guava / Patana Oak / Kumbi / Slow Match TreeCareya arborea0.8India
Wild Mangosteen / Malabar Ebony / Gaub Tree / Riber Ebony Diospyros peregrina0.72India
Wild Nutmeg / Kaatu Jathikai / Ran-JayphalKnema attenuata0.43India
Winged Myrobalan / Arjuna / Arjun Terminalia arjuna0.94India
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