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Basic Specific Gravity of North American Trees

Find the basic specific gravity of North American trees. Searchable list with common and binomial names of trees found in North America.

basic specific gravity = green volume and oven-dry weight

Common NameBinomialBasic Specific GravityRegion
Ailanthus / Tree Of Heaven Ailanthus altissima0.46North America
Alder, RedAlnus rubra0.37North America
Alder, White / Rhombie LeafAlnus rhombifolia 0.37North America
American Hornbeam / MusclewoodCarpinus caroliniana0.58North America
American Witch-Hazel Hamamelis virginiana0.56North America
Apple / Common / WildMalus sylvestris0.61North America
Ash, Biltmore / WhiteFraxinus americana 0.55North America
Ash, BlackFraxinus nigra0.45North America
Ash, Blue / VirginiaFraxinus quadrangulata0.53North America
Ash, Green / BastardFraxinus pennsylvanica0.53North America
Ash, Oregon / WaterFraxinus latifolia0.5North America
Ash, Pumpkin / RedFraxinus profunda0.48North America
Aspen, Bigtooth / Large-toothPopulus grandidentata0.36North America
Aspen, Quaking / Trembling / Aspen PopularPopulus tremuloides0.35North America
Bald Cypress / Swamp / Gulf / Red / Southern / White / YellowTaxodium distichum0.42North America
Basswood, American / American Linden Tilia americana0.32North America
Basswood, WhiteTilia heterophylla0.32North America
Beech / American / North AmericanFagus grandifolia0.56North America
Birch, Alaska PaperBetula neoalaskana0.529515North America
Birch, GrayBetula populifolia0.45North America
Birch, PaperBetula papyrifera0.48North America
Birch, RiverBetula nigra0.49North America
Birch, SweetBetula lenta0.6North America
Birch, Yellow / BlackBetula alleghaniensis0.55North America
Bird Cherry / Fire Cherry / Pin Cherry Prunus pensylvanica0.36North America
Blue Elderberry / Blue ElderSambucus caerulea0.46North America
Buckeye, Yellow / SweetAesculus octandra0.33North America
Buckthorn, California CoffeeberryRhamnus californica0.5North America
Buckthorn, Cascara Rhamnus purshiana0.5North America
Buckthorn, Spiny Redberry Rhamnus crocea0.75North America
Bully Trees Sideroxylon indet1.234North America
Butternut / White WalnutJuglans cinerea0.36North America
Buttonwood / Button Mangrove Conocarpus erectus0.69North America
Canadian Serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis0.66North America
Carolina Silverbell / Little Silverbell Halesia carolina0.42North America
Catalpa, Northern / Hardy / Western / Cigar Tree / Catawba Tree Catalpa speciosa0.38North America
Cedar, Atlantic WhiteChamaecyparis thyoides0.31North America
Cedar, Eastern RedcedarJuniperus virginiana0.44North America
Cedar, IncenseCalocedrus decurrens0.35North America
Cedar, Northern White / Arborvitae / Eastern Arborvitae / Swamp Thuja occidentalis0.29North America
Cedar, Port-OrfordChamaecyparis lawsoniana0.39North America
Cedar, Westernred / Pacific Red / Giant Arborvitae / Canoe / Giant/ ShinglewoodThuja plicata0.31North America
Cedar, Yellow / AlaskaChamaecyparis nootkatensis0.42North America
Cherry, BlackPrunus serotina0.47North America
Chestnut, AmericanCastanea dentata0.4North America
Chinkapin, Giant / GoldenChrysolepis chrysophylla 0.42North America
Chinquapin / Golden / Giant / Western Castanopsis chrysophylla0.42North America
Cottonwood, BlackPopulus trichocarpa0.31North America
Cottonwood, Eastern / Eastern / Plains / MatchPoplarPopulus deltoides0.37North America
Cottonwood, Fremont / AlamoPopulus fremontii 0.41North America
Dogwood, Flowering Cornus florida0.64North America
Dogwood, Pacific / Mountain Dogwood Cornus nuttallii0.58North America
Douglas-Fir, CoastPseudotsuga menziesii0.453333333North America
Douglas-Fir, Interior NorthPseudotsuga menziesii 0.45North America
Douglas-Fir, Interior WestPseudotsuga menziesii 0.46North America
Elm, American / White / Water / Florida Ulmus americana0.46North America
Elm, Rock, Elm Cork Ulmus thomasii0.57North America
Elm, Slippery / Red / Gray / SoftUlmus rubra0.48North America
Elm, Texas Cedar / Cedar ElmUlmus crassifolia0.59North America
Elm, Winged / WahooUlmus alata0.6North America
False Mastic / Yellow Mastic Sideroxylon foetidissimum 0.52North America
Fir, Balsam / Canadian / Canada / Balm of Gilead / EasternAbies balsamea0.33North America
Fir, CorkbarkAbies arizonica0.29North America
Fir, Grand / Lowland / Lowland White / White / SilverAbies grandis0.35North America
Fir, NobleAbies procera0.37North America
Fir, Pacific Silver / White / Red/ Lovely / Amabilis / Cascades Abies amabilis0.4North America
Fir, Red / Golden / California Red / Shasta / SilvertipAbies magnifica0.36North America
Fir, Subalpine / Alpine / Mountain Balsam / Rocky Mountain / White BalsamAbies lasiocarpa0.31North America
Fir, White / Colorado / California White / Low'sAbies concolor0.37North America
Florida Strangler Fig / Golden Fig/ Higuerón Ficus aurea0.44North America
Great Laurel / Rosebay RhododendronRhododendron maximum0.5North America
Gumbo-Limbo / Copperwood / ChacaBursera simaruba0.32North America
HackberryCeltis occidentalis0.49North America
Hawthorn, Late / PearCrataegus calpodendron0.62North America
Hemlock, Eastern / Canada / Hemlock SpruceTsuga canadensis0.38North America
Hemlock, MountainTsuga mertensiana0.42North America
Hemlock, Western / Pacific / West Coast Tsuga heterophylla0.42North America
Hickory, Bitternut / Swamp Carya cordiformis0.6North America
Hickory, Mockernut / White / White-Heart Carya tomentosa0.64North America
Hickory, NutmegCarya myristiciformis0.56North America
Hickory, PecanCarya illinoensis0.6North America
Hickory, PignutCarya glabra0.66North America
Hickory, True, ShagbarkCarya ovata0.64North America
Hickory, True, ShellbarkCarya laciniosa0.62North America
Hickory, Water / Bitter Pecan Carya aquatica0.61North America
Holly, American / White HollyIlex opaca0.5North America
Hollyleaf Cherry / Evergreen Cherry Prunus ilicifolia0.73North America
Honey Locust / Honey Shucks / Sweet BeanGleditsia triacanthos 0.6North America
Hophornbeam, American / EasternOstrya virginiana0.63North America
Incense Cedar / California Incense-Cedar Libocedrus decurrens0.35North America
Inkwood / ButterboughExothea paniculata0.73North America
Juniper, Alligator / Checkerbark Juniperus deppeana0.48North America
Juniper, WesternJuniperus occidentalis 0.45North America
Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus0.53North America
Larch, Western / Montana / MountainLarix occidentalis0.48North America
Laurel, California / Oregon MyrtleUmbellularia californica0.51North America
Locust, Black / False Acacia / Green / Locust / Shipmast / White / Yellow Robinia pseudoacacia 0.66North America
Madrone, PacificArbutus menziesii0.57North America
Magnolia, Cucumbertree / Blue Magnolia,Magnolia acuminata0.44North America
Magnolia, Fraser / Mountain Magnolia Magnolia fraseri0.4North America
Magnolia, SouthernMagnolia grandiflora0.46North America
Magnolia, SweetbayMagnolia virginiana0.42North America
Maple, Bigleaf / British Columbia / Broadleaf / OregonAcer macrophyllum0.44North America
Maple, Black / Black Sugar / Hard / RockAcer nigrum0.52North America
Maple, Boxelder / Ash-Leaf / Manitoba / Three-Leave Acer negundo0.416North America
Maple, Red / Scarlet / Soft / WaterAcer rubrum0.49North America
Maple, Silver Acer saccharinum0.44North America
Maple, Striped / Goosefoot / Moosewood / Snake BarkAcer pensylvanicum0.44North America
Maple, SugarAcer saccharum0.56North America
Mesquite Spp.Prosopis spp.0.78North America
Mountain Laurel / Calico-Bush / Spoonwood Kalmia latifolia0.62North America
Mountain Mahogany / Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus betuloides0.8North America
Oak, Arizona White / Arizona Quercus Arizonica0.59North America
Oak, Bastard WhiteQuercus austrina0.75North America
Oak, Black / Eastern BlackQuercus velutina0.56North America
Oak, Bluejack / Upland Willow Oak / Sandjack Oak / Cinnamon Oak Quercus incana0.71North America
Oak, Bur / Mossy-Cup Quercus macrocarpa0.58North America
Oak, California Black / Kellogg Oak Quercus kelloggii0.51North America
Oak, Canyon Live / Canyon Oak / Maul Oak Quercus chrysolepis0.7North America
Oak, ChapmanQuercus chapmanii0.78North America
Oak, CherrybarkQuercus pagoda0.61North America
Oak, Chestnut / Rock / Rock Chestnut / Mountain Quercus prinus0.57North America
Oak, Darlington / Laurel-Leaf OakQuercus hemisphaerica0.69North America
Oak, Dwarf Live / MinimalQuercus minima0.89North America
Oak, Gambel / Rocky Mountain White / Colorado ScrubQuercus gambelii0.62North America
Oak, Garry / Oregon White Oak / Oregon Oak Quercus garryana0.64North America
Oak, Laurel / Diamond-Leaf Oak / Water OakQuercus laurifolia0.56North America
Oak, Live / Southern LiveQuercus virginiana0.8North America
Oak, Myrtle / ShrubbyQuercus myrtifolia0.807North America
Oak, Northern RedQuercus rubra0.56North America
Oak, OvercupQuercus lyrata0.57North America
Oak, Pin / Swamp SpanishQuercus palustris0.58North America
Oak, Post / IronQuercus stellata0.6North America
Oak, Running / RunnerQuercus pumila0.71North America
Oak, Sand LiveQuercus geminata0.872North America
Oak, Sand Post Quercus margaretta0.76North America
Oak, ScarletQuercus coccinea0.6North America
Oak, Shumard / Swamp Red / Shumard RedQuercus shumardii0.64North America
Oak, Southern RedQuercus falcata0.52North America
Oak, Swamp Chestnut / BasketQuercus michauxii0.6North America
Oak, Swamp WhiteQuercus bicolor0.64North America
Oak, Turkey / Catesby / American TurkeyQuercus laevis0.639North America
Oak, WaterQuercus nigra0.56North America
Oak, WhiteQuercus alba0.6North America
Oak, WillowQuercus phellos0.56North America
Ocean Spray / Creambush / Ironwood Holodiscus discolor0.71North America
Osage Orange / Horse Apple / Hedge AppleMaclura pomifera0.76North America
Paradise Apple / Common Apple Malus pumila0.64575North America
Persimmon, CommonDiospyros virginiana 0.64North America
Pine / Gray / California Foothill Bull / Grey-leaf / DiggerPinus sabiniana0.4North America
Pine, Bishop / Obispo / Swamp / Prickle-ConePinus muricata0.45North America
Pine, Common / Two Needle PinyonPinus edulis0.5North America
Pine, Coulter / Big-Cone Pine Pinus coulteri 0.4North America
Pine, Eastern White / Northern White / Weymouth / WhitePinus strobus0.34North America
Pine, Gray / California FoothillPinus, sabiniana0.4North America
Pine, Jack / Banksian / Black / ScrubPinus banksiana0.4North America
Pine, Jeffrey / Black Pinus jeffreyi0.37North America
Pine, Knobcone / NarrowconePinus attenuata0.39North America
Pine, Limber / Rocky Mountain White Pinus flexilis0.37North America
Pine, Loblolly / Frankincense / Oldfield / SouthernPinus taeda0.47North America
Pine, Lodgepole / Bolander Beach / Shore / Tamarack PinePinus contorta0.38North America
Pine, Longleaf / Florida / GeorgiaPinus palustris0.54North America
Pine, Monterey / Cedros Island / Guadalupe Island / Radiata / InsignisPinus radiata0.4North America
Pine, Pitch / HardPinus rigida0.47North America
Pine, Pond / Bay / Marsh / PocosinPinus serotina0.51North America
Pine, Ponderosa / Western Yellow / Blackjack / Bull / Pacific Ponderosa / RockPinus ponderosa0.38North America
Pine, Red / American Red / Canadian Red / NorwayPinus resinosa0.41North America
Pine, Sand Pinus clausa0.46North America
Pine, Shortleaf / Arkansas / Shortstraw / Southern / YellowPinus echinata0.47North America
Pine, Slash / American Pitch / Caribbean / Salish / Longleaf Pitch / SwampPinus elliottii0.54North America
Pine, Spruce / Bottom White / Cedar/ Poor / Walter Pinus glabra0.41North America
Pine, Sugar / California SugarPinus lambertiana0.34North America
Pine, Table Mountain / Hickory / PrickleyPinus pungens0.49North America
Pine, Virginia / Jersey / Poverty / ScrubPinus virginiana0.45North America
Pine, Western White / Idaho White / Mountain White / SilverPinus monticola0.35North America
Pond Apple, Alligator Apple Annona glabra 0.5North America
Poplar, Abele / Silver Poplar / Silverleaf PoplarPopulus alba 0.36North America
Poplar, Balsam / Black / HackmatackPopulus balsamifera0.31North America
Poplar-Yellow / American Tulip / Canary WhitewoodLiriodendron tulipifera0.4North America
Redberry Stopper Eugenia confusa0.81North America
Redwood / California / CoastSequoia sempervirens0.38North America
Redwood, Giant / California Big-Tree / Giant Sequoia / Sequoia / SierraSequoiadendron giganteum 0.34North America
SassafrasSassafras albidum0.42North America
ServiceberryAmelanchier spp.0.66North America
Sour Gum / Tupelo, BlackNyssa sylvatica0.46North America
Sourwood / Sorrel Tree Oxydendrum arboreum0.5North America
Southern Redcedar Juniperus silicicola0.42North America
Spruce, Black / Bog / shortleaf black / SwampPicea mariana0.38North America
Spruce, Engelmann / White Spruce / Mountain Spruce / Silver Spruce Picea engelmannii0.33North America
Spruce, Red / Eastern / West VirginiaPicea rubens0.37North America
Spruce, Sitka / Coast / Menzies / WesternPicea sitchensis0.37North America
Spruce, White / Alberta / Black Hills / Canada / Western WhitePicea glauca0.33North America
Sugarberry / Southern HackberryCeltis laevigata0.47North America
Sweetgum, American / American Storax / Hazel Pine / Satin-Walnut / AlligatorwoodLiquidambar styraciflua0.46North America
Sycamore, American / American Planetree Platanus occidentalis0.46North America
Tamarack / Hackmatack / American Larch Alaskan / EasternLarix laricina0.49North America
Tanoak / Tanbark-Oak Lithocarpus densiflorus0.58North America
Texas Walnut / Little WalnutJuglans microcarpa0.53North America
Tupelo, Water / Cottongum / Wild Olive / Large Tupelo Nyssa aquatica0.46North America
Walnut, BlackJuglans nigra0.51North America
White Bully / Willow Bustic / Bustic CassadaSideroxylon salicifolium0.86North America
Willow, Black / Black AmericanSalix nigra0.36North America
Willow, Pacific Salix lasiandra0.39North America
Yew, Pacific / Western / Canadian / CalifornianTaxus brevifolia0.6North America
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